Philodendron ‘Rojo Congo’: plant, cultivate, multiply

Philodendron Dean MacDowell, an amazing and rare cultivar with giant leaves. the Philodendron Rojo Congo is a selected green plant, a cultivar produced by seeking the best possible qualities for an indoor plant: intense colors, good staying power, aesthetics and vigor.

Philodendron ‘Congo Red’


Scientific N. Philodendron ‘Congo Red’

Origin horticultural

Flowering t

Flowers a very beautiful red

Typehouseplant, tropical plant


Foliage persistent

Heightup to 75cm

Plant and cultivate

Hardiness not very hardy, up to -1C

Exposition luminous shadow, hailing sun

Solrich and light humus soil

Acidity neutral acid

Humidity normal

Useplante d’intrieur


Multiplicationstem cuttings

Philodendron 'Congo Red'

The philodendron ‘Rojo Congo’ is a remarkable houseplant belonging to the family Araceae, like les arums Where the spatiphyllums. This Rojo Congo philodendron is a cultivar, a variety selected with the aim of inventing the most perfect houseplant possible. From l’hybrid ‘Congo’ and of Philodendron tatei, it combines qualities of form, color and vigor.

It is a very firm plant, tall enough, at the majestic port, whose dark shades, green and purplish, contrast remarkably in a light decor.

This hybrid was born in 1995, and was registered in 2001; today it is much more commonly offered for sale, multiplied en masse par culture in vitro, available and affordable.

Description du Philodendron ‘Rojo Congo’

Philo Rojo Congo is a fairly large plant that can reach 75 cm high and 110 cm wide. She is not climber and she does not need a stake: her stems are thick enough to keep herself erect, which highlights her stocky and well-balanced habit.

It shows indeed a compact silhouette, erect, but open, with foliage well arranged evenly, with the leaves halfway up horizontally and the leaves at the top of the stem more erect.

In fact of green plant, the colors of Rojo Congo are very dark: the broad blades of the leaves are dark green while their petiole thick, the stem, and even some of the aerial roots are purplish-purple. In addition, during growth, the emerging leaves light up with red hues and then chocolate.

The limbus of a sheet mature is oval and somewhat asymmetrical, 45 cm by 30 cm, thick and leathery, shiny. It is held by a thick and rigid petiole.

On a plant of 2 years minimum and with luck, during the hot season, flowers can appear on the philodendron Rojo Congo. Although unscented and a little hidden by the foliage, because they are born against the stem, they are very beautiful: theinflorescence, typical of the Araceae, is a spathe thick and slender, erect 14 cm, rosy red, clearer on the outside, which wraps around a spadice cylindrical 12 cm.

This plant generally produces no seeds.

How is philodendron ‘Rojo Congo’ grown?

In addition to its beauty, the Rojo Congo philodendron is a very vigorous plant, which grows readily as long as it is well maintained. If you only buy a small, immature, well-nourished plant, you can expect to get a superb plant in 1 year.

In addition, it is particularly easy to store and endure negligence without its beauty suffering too much: forgetting to water for 1 month, 1 week of complete darkness during the holidays, lack of light, lack of repotting. This philosophy resists a lot of ill-treatment, always faithful.

However, if there is one thing that can kill this houseplant, it’s overwatering it, leaving its feet to soak in water. Otherwise, to fully enjoy it, it just needs space and a nice flowerpot to showcase it.

The best growing conditions, to obtain a luxuriant growth, to make it as colorful as possible and who knows, to make it bloom or multiply it are:


Philodendron Rojo Congo believes in temperatures between 16 and 27 ° C. A very hot season would be one of the factors to make it flourish. For people living in mild climates who still want to try growing this plant outdoors, it shows a hardiness down to -1 ° C, but still losing its leaves which freeze.


The ‘Rojo Congo’ philodendron accepts a moderate to bright light, but should always stay out of direct sunlight. It finds its place in the middle of a bright room, or not far from a veiled window, admirable in front of a white wall. Too much shade does not kill it, but slows down its development.

Soil and repotting

For this plant to show you its vigor, it needs a rich and humus soil, well drained. a potting soil good quality will do. If, however, you have a heavy hand on the watering, it can be lightened with perlite or mixed with orchid mix.

For a 70 cm plant, the pot should be at least 25 cm wide. the potting soil should be renewed every 2 years. Repotting takes place between April and September, always in a pot with holes for drainage.


This philosophy tolerates water shortages quite well, but on the other hand it is necessary to avoid the surplus of watering: water each time the surface of its pot is dry. This is equivalent to about once a week in spring and summer and once every 3 weeks in winter.


Repotting in fresh potting soil is one way to feed it, however the year it is not repotted, it will need to be add some fertilizer for green plant or flowering plant during the summer, when watering, either 1 to 2 times per month or in slow release, 2 times a year.

Atmospheric humidity

The foliage is more lush with a air humidity over 50%, However Philodendron ‘Rojo Congo’ is less tolerant, however, it will suffer from being placed too close to heaters in winter (tips and edges of leaves drying).

How to multiply Philodendron ‘Congo Red’?

The multiplies by cuttings with pieces of stem comprising 2 nodes.

With age this plant can also produce branches or low shoots, which are easier to cut.

Species and varieties of Philodendron

Over 500 species in the genus

  • Philodendron xanadu, le xanadu
  • Philodendron bipinnatifidum, a rather rustic philosophy
  • Philodendron undulatum, another rather rustic Philodendron
  • Philodendron hastata, with arrow leaves
  • Philodendron plauwmanii, very beautiful uncommon species
  • Philodendron scandens, the climbing philodendron
  • Philodendron brandtianum, with silvery leaves
Plants of the same genus

Source: Au Jardin, conseils en jardinage by

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