the aromatic plants they are very simple to grow and, in addition, many of them can also act as various ornamental shrubs. But what are the perennial aromatic plants that resist the cold? If you are looking for these specimens, which can also help you in the kitchen, you must know that nature offers many extraordinary options.
Moreover, cultivate aromatic plants it’s also pretty simple. With little effort and a little attention, you can decorate your balcony with plants and flowers of different colors. In addition, you can also flavor your recipes with always fresh and perhaps even organic ingredients.
In this article we want to tell you a list of perennial aromatic plants resistant to cold, to give you an idea of how to embellish your vegetable garden. But before seeing which ones it is, let’s see which aromatic plants cannot be close together and which ones can be planted together.
Which aromatic herbs can be planted in the same pot?
First of all, you need to know that it is undoubtedly possible to plant aromatic plants in the same pot. To do this, you just need to know the characteristics and needs of each of the plants you intend to coexist together. For example, a plant like the mint it tends to grab all the centimeters available with its roots, so it would be better not to put it in the same pot together with another plant. The latter would not have room to grow.
In general, remember that aromatic plants can have an annual cycle or can be perennial. Plants like parsley and basil need to be sown every year, while sage, rosemary, timo and marjoram are perennials instead.
The latter do not like to change “neighbor” every year. So try to match the seedlings taking this feature into account and place only annuals or perennials together.
Perennial aromatic balcony plants: compatible herbs
If you intend to place two different types of plants in the same pot, try to choose two plants that have the same needs from the point of view of watering and exposure to light. And speaking of sun exposure, where to put the herbs? When choosing the right place, keep in mind that almost all herbs need to live in sunny spots. At the same time, adequate shelter from cold and drafts is necessary, especially when extreme atmospheric precipitation occurs.
That said, let’s take a look at the list of cold and heat resistant perennial aromatic plants that you could grow on your balcony or in your garden.
7 perennial aromatic plants resistant to cold
The aromatic plants that we will report to you can be planted both in pots and in garden. Thanks to their characteristics, not only will they be able to flavor your dishes, but their pleasant scent will flood the whole house and even keep insects away.
So let’s see what are the perennial aromatic plants for pots and gardens.
Alloro (Laurus nobilis)
L’Laurel, whose scientific name is “Laurus nobilis” is a plant with a pleasant and fresh scent, and is also very easy to grow. Bay leaves find space in recipes both in summer and winter, especially in the preparation of roasts, soups and sauces. The plant looks like a shrub with shiny, dark green leaves.
Laurel is able to withstand the cold, as long as it is protected and placed in a sheltered place during the frost period. For good cultivation, the soil should be well drained. The plant is at its best when placed in sunny spots on the balcony or garden.
Rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis)
Who does not like to flavor dishes with a sprig of Rosemary? This plant with a unique scent and numerous beneficial properties is part of that group of aromatics that resist the cold.
Rosemary is in fact very resistant, even in winter and during the coldest days. The possibility of growing it both in pots and in the garden make it an excellent ally for those who want to dabble in gardening on the balcony.
Furthermore, rosemary can be considered one ornamental aromatic plant, thanks to its very decorative purple and blue flowers.
When we think ofanice (or staranise) Christmas comes to mind. The star anise is in fact one of the traditional symbols of the Christmas holidays and reminds us so much of winter, biscuits, i liqueurs and sweets. The plant contains anethole, which is the same molecule that gives the scent and unmistakable flavor to another very popular aromatic plant, namely dill. In nature we can find 3 types of anise, two of which are perennials, while the third type is annual. The three types are:
- anice star
- Anice pepato (Xanthoxylum piperitium)
- Green anise (Pimpinella anisum), which is the annual type.
The anise plant can reach 10 meters in height in nature. Like other aromatic plants, anise also loves sunny locations and a warm climate. Star anise can also be grown in pots.
Sage (Salvia officinalis)
The salvia it is considered an ornamental aromatic plant due to its characteristic appearance and its green-gray leaves. It can be found throughout the Mediterranean area. Sage is a perennial aromatic plant and can be grown both in pots and in the garden.
The leaves of the plant are widely used both for their characteristic aroma and for their beneficial properties. In fact, sage boasts antispasmodic effects, has antiseptic properties and even helps fight the pains of the menstrual cycle.
Dragoncello (Artemisia dracunculus)
It comes from the East and more precisely from Russia, Central Asia and Siberia and has gradually gained the attention of food lovers. The drangoncello it is a plant belonging to the Compositae family, and is often used to flavor recipes of various kinds, from those of fish to those of red meat and chicken.
The drangoncello can be grown both on the balcony and in the garden. Its long, thin leaves and yellow flowers (which you will see blooming in the summer) also make it a pleasant decoration for your home. Cultivation of tarragon is quite simple. Like many other herbs, this plant also prefers warm and sunny places and during intense cold and winter it must be placed in a protected place.
Since it can also be grown in pots, tarragon is one of the perennial balcony plants you could add to your small garden.
The mint it is a slightly intrusive plant, therefore a single pot is recommended for cultivation, without other “neighbors” which could take away space. Despite its “temper”, mint knows how to be forgiven thanks to its characteristic and fresh scent.
A mint plant on the balcony will be your ally in the kitchen. You can use the leaves to flavor risottos and cold pasta, or to give a fresh touch to your main courses, both meat and fish dishes.
Furthermore, mint is an essential ingredient in refreshing and digestive herbal teas. Finally, a few leaves of fresh mint will represent the ideal decoration for your gourmet dishes!
Finally, among the particular aromatic plants resistant to low temperatures, we also present the timo. This perennial shrub plant belongs to the Lamiaceae family, which also includes known spices and herbs such as oregano and mint. Thyme can reach a height of about 40/50 centimeters and has been used since ancient times as a medicinal plant and as an ingredient to season dishes.
The plant, typical of the Mediterranean area, loves sun exposure, but as a good “perennial” as it is, it can resist even the lowest temperatures. Thyme is used for making herbal teas and syrups and is considered a valid remedy against urinary tract infections. Furthermore, it is used to give a touch of flavor to the typical recipes of Mediterranean cuisine.
A little curiosity: the name of the plant derives from the ancient Greek name “thýmon”, which can be translated with the word “courage”. It seems that smelling the scent of the plant can in fact instill courage and strength.
Source: GreenStyle by www.greenstyle.it.
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