Not only is the corona considered an epidemic: Sometimes two epidemics come together – diabetes mellitus And obesity. One of the phenomena that most significantly harms the health of diabetics is Morbid obesity. The combination of diabetes and obesity puts this population at higher risk for heart, brain and limb complications as well as eye damage.
A study conducted by Dr. Fabian Hershkowitz Sikron, an epidemiologist at the United Quality Assessment Department, ahead of International Diabetes Day, found that 23% of people with type 2 diabetes also suffer from morbid obesity. Height – BMI over 35 kg / m2).
It also shows that there is a gap between women and men. It turns out that the morbidity rate of women with diabetes is double that of men, 30% compared to 17%. It has also been found that morbid obesity is more common at ages 59-40 compared to younger or older people. The rate among people with diabetes as well as morbid obesity is higher among people in low socioeconomic status. In this subgroup is found the highest gap to the detriment of women.
According to Dr. Joel Toledano, Director of Diabetes and Endocrinology at United, “We are constantly working to raise awareness of the risks associated with diabetes. The basis for all treatment of diabetes and obesity, even before drugs are recommended at all, is adherence to a healthy lifestyle, including proper nutrition, regular exercise and weight loss. It turns out from several studies that a reduction of at least 10% in body weight can lead to the disappearance of diabetes. The great difficulty is to motivate lifestyle change, and we are developing diverse plans for our policyholders to succeed in this task. “
What is pre-diabetes?
Pre-diabetes is a condition in which blood sugar levels are not within the normal range but do not meet the definition of diabetes. People with pre-diabetes are at increased risk of developing diabetes during their lifetime. Also at risk of developing diseases such as: heart disease, hypertension and hyperlipidemia. Many studies have shown that a change in overall lifestyle: regular exercise and weight loss, can reduce and / or prevent the transition from pre-diabetes to diabetes and the onset of complications.
Who is at risk of developing pre-diabetes?
- Diabetes in the family
- Overweight (BMI above 25)
- Disorder of blood lipids
- Minority physical activity / sedentary lifestyle
- A history of gestational diabetes
What are the values in blood tests that indicate pre-diabetes?
- Fasting sugar levels – 125-100 mg / dL
- Sugar level two hours after loading sugar of 75 g – 199-140 mg / dL
- HbA1C glycated hemoglobin 5.7% – 6.4%
How is pre-diabetes treated?
- Regular exercise – 30 minutes of walking per day, about 4-5 times a week
- Weight loss 5% -7% of body weight – for overweight people
- Customized proper nutrition
- Avoid smoking
- 8-6 hours of sleep and in a row
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