Every day, about 500 Finns sprain their ankles, often playing sports, even stepping into a pit on the street or slipping. About half of ankle sprains occur in sports that involve a lot of contact, jumps, and rapid changes of direction.
When the jump comes down with force, the ankle easily goes down. For some people, the ankle may be structurally looser than usual and more sensitive to bruising.
When sprained, the ankle is strongly twisted under body weight and the ligaments are partially stretched or torn. The tendons of the muscles near the ankle can also stretch.
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Crushing – or fracture?
A small ankle bruise may not even be noticed, and the injury heals on its own. Bruising and swelling, on the other hand, indicate that something has broken. You should see a doctor if your ankle is clearly sore and a bottled, half-sized egg bruise appears in the area of pain.
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Sometimes with a sprained ankle you can walk in some way but your foot can’t reserve any. In this case, there may be a fracture in the outer spinal bone. Sometimes the separation of ankle sprain and fracture requires X-ray.
First Aid: Remember three to put together
If the ankle is blue and peat, one should not think that now I bite my tooth and nail with this foot. The most important first treatments are the three known ones: cold, bump and compression. They reduce bleeding, swelling and pain in the affected area.
NSAIDs can be taken as needed, but they do not in themselves promote ankle healing.
If the foot cannot be booked at all, the examinations should go immediately. Otherwise, it is enough to see a doctor during the day. Your doctor will find out the location of your ankle pain, swelling and bruising.
An X-ray is taken if the spinal bone is sore when pressed. If severe pain is felt on the foot, the foot is described. The correct diagnosis should be made immediately in order to treat the right injury.
After visiting the doctor, you should also report the damage to the insurance company. If a medical examination is not carried out immediately and the damage is not reported, it will be difficult to obtain compensation later, even if the accident insurance is valid.
Childcare prevents looseness
Sometimes it is thought that the ankle just sprained, I wonder if it doesn’t settle out of it. However, this is not always the case.
The most important treatment for a sprained ankle is splinting. It still replaces the surgical and plaster treatment of fresh ligament rupture used in the 1980s.
The U-shaped airbag blade is attached to the ankle with stickers and slides conveniently inside the shoe. The spatula should be kept for at least three weeks and if there is bruising on both sides of the ankle, up to six weeks. The baby supports healing ligaments, strengthens muscle function and prevents the ankle from remaining permanently loose.
In the beginning, it is wise to keep the spatula at night as well, as it relieves pain and gives a better night’s sleep. In the beginning, elbows are also necessary.
Take rehabilitation seriously
A common problem with healing is that there is no commitment to childcare because the injury is not considered serious.
Every fifth sprained ankle remains sore and clumsy because rehabilitation is not taken seriously. Healing requires physiotherapy that strengthens the function of the ankle, which is instructed by either the attending physician or a physiotherapist.
If the ankle remains loose, it will tend to sprain again and increase the risk of osteoarthritis.
Still on the operating table?
Ankle ligament surgery is performed if the ankle is still unstable and sore after rehabilitation.
Due to prolonged pain and repeated bruising, a ligament surgery is performed in which the ligaments of the outer edge of the most common ankle are re-tightened against the tibia. After that, it is still the turn of supportive care and rehabilitation with physiotherapy.
Anu Mykkänen, Töölön Mehiläinen, specialist in foot surgery, orthopedics and traumatology as an expert
This article has appeared in Good Health magazine. As a subscriber, you can read all numbers free of charge from the digilehdet.fi service.
Source: Hyvä Terveys by www.hyvaterveys.fi.
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