In the third quarter, labor input, measured in terms of full-time equivalent work units, increased both in economic terms (+ 1.5% compared to the second quarter of 2021) and on an annual basis (+ 3.7% compared to third quarter 2020); the same trend can be observed for GDP, up by + 2.6% and + 3.9% respectively. Employment, in turn, is experiencing significant economic and trend growth. This was announced by Istat, the Ministry of Labor and Social Policies, INPS, Inail and Anpal who published the quarterly note on employment trends in the third quarter of 2021.
On a cyclical basis, the growth of employees is in terms of both employed (+ 0.9%, Istat, Survey on the labor force) and jobs in the non-agricultural private sector (+ 2.6%, Istat, Oros survey ). For the latter, the increase is the result of moderate growth in industry in the strict sense (+ 0.6%), more significant in construction (+ 2.6%) and decidedly sustained in services (+ 3.5%) .
The cyclical growth of employee positions is confirmed by the data from the Ministry of Labor and social policies relating to the revised Compulsory Communications (CO) which show an increase of +163 thousand positions in the last three months, both for permanent contracts (+47 thousand compared to in the second quarter of 2021) and fixed term (+116 thousand). In the third quarter of 2021, there were 2 million 584 thousand (+ 18.3% in three months) and the terminations of 2 million 421 thousand (+ 20%).
Even on a trend basis, employee employment is increasing in terms of both employees (+ 3.3% in one year, Istat-Rfl) and job positions in the industrial and service sectors (+ 5%, Istat- Oros). The CO data similarly show a significant growth in job positions (+688 thousand compared to the third quarter of 2020), which concerns all sectors of economic activity with the exception of agriculture; the positive trend is confirmed by the INPS-Uniemens data (+557 thousand positions in one year), with the differences essentially attributable to the different perimeter of observation.
On an annual basis, the growth of permanent employment positions continues, albeit slowing down, both in the CO data (+307 thousand in one year; it was +365 thousand in the second quarter 2021 and +389 thousand in the first) and in those of ‘Uniemens (+182 thousand, +184 thousand and +207 thousand, respectively). The dynamics of fixed-term positions is decidedly positive both in the CO data (+380 thousand) and in those of Uniemens referring only to private companies (+375 thousand units).
According to the Labor Force Survey (Rfl), independent work instead shows a decrease both in economic terms (-35 thousand employed, -0.7%) and on an annual basis (-80 thousand employed, -1.6% ).
In the Rfl data, the cyclical growth in employment (+121 thousand, + 0.5%) is associated with the decrease in unemployed and inactive people aged 15-64; also on a trend basis, the increase in employed persons (+505 thousand units, + 2.2%) is accompanied by a decrease in people seeking employment (-308 thousand, -12.0%) and inactive 15-64 year-olds (- 453 thousand, -3.3% compared to the third quarter of 2020).
According to the CO, in the third quarter of 2021, 31.2% of fixed-term employment positions have an expected duration of up to 30 days (9.9% one day only), 31.1% from two to six months , and 0.6% exceeds one year. Overall, there is an increase in the incidence of very short-term contract activations (16.4% up to one week, +2.2 points compared to the third quarter of 2020), and in those from six months to one year (+ 2.2 points).
After the uninterrupted decline from the first quarter of 2019 to the third of 2020 and the start of the recovery starting from the fourth of 2020, in the third quarter of 2021 the number of temporary agency workers shows a new strong growth, reaching 464 thousand units (+105 thousand, + 29.3% in INPS-Uniemens data compared to the third quarter of 2020). Even the number of on-call or intermittent workers, although at a less intense pace than last quarter, continues to grow steadily (+24 thousand, + 10.8% compared to the corresponding quarter of 2020 in the INPS-Uniemens data) reaching 244 thousand units.
In the first nine months of 2021, the Occasional Service Contract remained in line with the 2020 values, involving an average of about 13,000 workers each month. In the same period of 2021, the Family Booklet recorded an average monthly value of around 23,000 lenders. The number of workers paid with the titles of the Family Booklet, following the provisions of the so-called baby-sitting bonus 2020, had registered a progressive increase from March 2020 to exceed 300 thousand units in June 2020; since September the monthly number had dropped to about 11 thousand, returning to the levels of 2019. The reversal of the trend recorded especially in the first months of 2021 is due to the new regulations of the DL 30/2021.
Accidents at work, which occurred and reported to Inail, in the third quarter of 2021 were 121,000 (104,000 during work and 17,000 while on the move), over 6,000 more reports (+ 5.4%) compared to same quarter of 2020. There were 216 fatal outcomes reported (150 during work and 66 during work), 12 more than in the third quarter of 2020 (+ 5.9%). The comparison with the third quarter of the previous year is not particularly affected by the Covid-19 pandemic: in both periods the “contagion” reports were 2-3 thousand with a similar impact on the total of complaints (same consideration for cases mortal). Despite the increase compared to the previous year, the 2021 reports are still lower than the pre-pandemic 2019 data.
There were 11,695 occupational diseases reported to Inail and registered in the third quarter of 2021, 279 more cases (+ 2.4%) than in the same period of the previous year. The limited increase was recorded after the previous quarter characterized by a significant growth in complaints (+ 143.8% between April and June 2021 compared to 2020). However, the numbers for 2021 and 2020 remain lower than those observed in the pre-pandemic period.
Source: RSS DiariodelWeb.it Economia by www.diariodelweb.it.
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