What awaits you after working life: Older than 65 in Serbia on the edge of misery
One million pensioners in Serbia receive less than 30,000 dinars per month, even 300,000 of them less than 16,000 dinars, and the average pension has never been lower than the average salary since 2008.
Portal Nezavisnost.org adds that a special question is what happens to the 150,000 people over the age of 65 who have neither a pension nor social assistance.
“Probably nothing until the next elections and new promises about social pensions, despite the latest announcements by the President of the Republic and the Government about the imminent significant increase in pensions”, the text of the portal assesses.
Prime Minister Ana Brnabić on August 24, in a conversation with representatives of the Union of Pensioners of Serbia, the Union of Pensioners Nezavisnost and the Association of Pensioners’ Unions, she announced a cumulative increase in pensions in November of this year and January of the following year by a total of about 19 percent.
It will be seen in the coming months whether these increases will at least slow down the trend of pensioners becoming impoverished, although it is certain that the heated inflation will quickly “ground” this “jump” in pensions.
Serbia is at the top of the “oldest” countries
Serbia is at the top of Europe in terms of the number of people over 65 years old, behind Italy, Germany, Portugal and Greece, and the trend of population aging has been going on for more than a decade, just like in the whole of Europe. However, unlike the residents of Europe, who in most countries will receive a decent pension from which they will be able to provide themselves with a safe and peaceful old age, the citizens of Serbia grow old in an environment that sees them as a “necessary evil”.
Data from May this year show that one million pensioners receive a check of less than 30,000 per month, that is, a pension smaller than the average (31,724 dinars). Of these, about 100,000 people receive a pension of up to 10,000 dinars, 190,000 of the oldest receive 10,000 to 15,000 per month, and even 260,000 pensioners live on a pension ranging from 15,000 to 20,000 per month. Also, 200,000 pensioners receive pensions from 20 to 25,000 or from 25,000 to 30,000 per month.
150,000 old without income
In Serbia, 150,000 old people have no income and most often live alone in the countryside, completely isolated, without medical and social care. These are people who do not exercise their right to social assistance because they mostly own some kind of land, which makes it impossible for them to receive assistance, and since they did not pay contributions for the agricultural pension, they were left with nothing.
The average agricultural pension is 13,000 dinars. The state is allegedly trying to correct the injustice by which both those with half a hectare of property and those who cultivate 20 hectares are equal before the system.
The current still valid model for determining the contribution base for pension disability insurance is based on the equal amount of obligations that farmers pay annually, while the length of the payment period has no significant impact on the pension amount.
The same amount was paid by farmers who have one hectare of arable land and those who have hundreds of hectares, so the debts of the poor seriously accrued interest. The problem is in the calculation because agricultural pensioners pay contributions on the minimum basis, which is very low, so the pension they receive is also very low.
Increase in pensions in November and January
Prime Minister Brnabić recently said in a conversation with representatives of pensioner associations that the planned cumulative increase in pensions in November 2022 and January 2023 will be around 19 percent.
“The priority of the state and the future government will be the continuation of a responsible macroeconomic policy, because only a responsible policy can plan for further increases in pensions and salaries, it was emphasized at the meeting,” the announcement stated at the time.
Pensioners’ representatives pointed out that it is very important to continue the work of the commission that monitors the regulations from the PIO system as soon as possible during the mandate of the new government, and to include pensioners’ representatives in the work of that commission, in order to jointly work on all issues related to pensions and social security. insurance, and that it is important to continue with regular meetings and discussions in order to improve the quality of life of pensioners.
Source: BIZlife by bizlife.rs.
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