Number of usable nuclear warheads is increasing – World

The number of nuclear warheads in the possession of nine countries that possess this type of weapon is increasing, today denounced a coalition of organizations that monitors arsenals and works for an agreement that totally and definitively bans them.

REUTERS/Gleb Garanich

Currently, there are 9,440 nuclear warheads available for use on missiles, planes, submarines and ships, with a power equivalent to 138,000 bombs like the one dropped by the United States on Hiroshima in 1945.

“The war in Ukraine and the threats of (Russian President) Vladimir Putin are a reminder of the enormous danger of living in a world where some states insist that their security must be based on their ability to (use) massive and indiscriminate nuclear violence. “, said a representative of the non-governmental organization (NGO) Norwegian People’s Aid.

This NGO is part of the international campaign to abolish nuclear weapons and today published an annual report, which indicates that, in addition to the 9,440 that can be used at any time, there are 3,265 old nuclear warheads waiting to be dismantled in Russia, the United Kingdom and the United States. United.

Until 2007 there was a decrease in the global nuclear arsenal, which then began to slow down, although the usable ‘stock’ of nuclear warheads reached its lowest level in 2017, when there were 9,227 units. Since then, the number of warheads has been increasing.

According to the report, China, India, North Korea and Pakistan increased their arsenals in the past year, while the UK announced a potentially significant increase.

In the case of Russia, there has been an increase in useful reserves in recent years, while the United States increased its reserves in 2019 to reduce them again in 2020 and 2021.

French and Israeli reserves have remained constant, according to the document, quoted by the Spanish news agency EFE.

According to experts, the dismantling of old warheads will be completed soon and there will be no further reduction in inventories for the same reason.

However, “there is no evidence that any state with nuclear weapons is willing to enter a phase of nuclear disarmament.”

In 2021, an international treaty on the prohibition of nuclear weapons came into force, but none of the nine states with such weapons signed it.

The report considers Iran and Saudi Arabia as “cases of concern”, considering that although they do not currently have nuclear bombs, both have technological capabilities that will allow their development and manufacture.

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