The energy crisis and the war in Ukraine are bringing nuclear energy back to life. And while many are against the reactivation of nuclear power plants, the European Commission gave the green light at the beginning of the year for the construction of new reactors and the start-up of old ones. In addition to a secure energy supply, many see nuclear energy as a chance to reduce the use of fossil fuels and significantly reduce the emission of harmful greenhouse gases.
The nuclear disaster in Fukushima in 2011 greatly influenced many nuclear power plants to start working with reduced capacity, as well as to be completely shut down over time. However, it seems that the nuclear lobby is working at full steam.
According to data from the World Nuclear Association, as of July of this year, the leading country in terms of nuclear capacity under construction is China, and 59 new reactors are under construction all over the planet, writes Biznis.rs.
News is also coming from Japan that the plan is to revive the nuclear industry and build new facilities. New reactors are also being built in India, Turkey, South Korea and Russia.
Germany and Belgium announced at the end of last year that they will close all nuclear power plants by 2025. However, Belgium abandoned this plan and plans to extend the life of nuclear power plants by 10 years. They decided to take this step in order to “move away” from Russian gas and became energy independent.
It seems that Germany is persistent in shutting down all nuclear plants, regardless of all the pressures from the European Union. In this country reactors Isar 2 in Bavaria, Emsland in Lower Saxony and Neckarvestheim 2 in Baden-Württemberg will continue to operate for a few more months.
Around 440 nuclear reactors operate in the world, in 32 countries, which produce approximately 10 percent of the total global electricity consumption per year. The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) announced that installed nuclear capacity is expected to double by 2050, annuclear power plants are the second largest source of electricity in to the European Unionright after fossil fuel power plants, with as much as 26 percent of the energy produced.
When it comes to Serbia, the moratorium on the construction of nuclear power plants, which was adopted after the Chernobyl disaster, is still in force. Zorana Mihajlović, the Minister of Mining and Energy, previously announced that a new energy development strategy will be completed this year, which will also include a decision related to the construction of modular nuclear power plants in Serbia.
Source: Energy Portal of Serbia by www.energetskiportal.rs.
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