View previous article: [집중취재] North Korea in a hurry to foreign currency, plans to dispatch 200 workers to Mongolia
It is known that many of the workers selected for overseas dispatch in North Korea are active duty soldiers. It is pointed out that this is the result of the judgment that the authorities can collect much more foreign currency if they dispatch soldiers on duty.
According to a source in Pyongyang from Daily NK on the 5th, many of the workers currently receiving related training ahead of dispatch overseas are soldiers on duty, such as low-ranking soldiers.
Of the military workers, 90% are soldiers, and 10% are military officers who control and manage them.
In the case of dispatching a subordinate warrior, the entire wage is converted into a party fund (government fund)… Advantageous in securing foreign currency
The reason that the North Korean authorities have recently expanded the dispatch of foreign workers from military personnel is that dispatching soldiers is easier to secure party funds than civilian workers.
In the case of civilians, the rate of payment of party funds varies depending on the type of business, but on average, about 60% of their monthly salary is dedicated to the authorities in the name of’finance of loyalty’.
However, since there is virtually no concept of salary for low-ranking warriors who are on duty, the rest of the foreign currency earned abroad, except for the minimum living expenses, belongs to the state.
This means that over 95% of the wages earned by military workers abroad are used as government funds.
Moreover, since military workers are young men between the ages of 17 and 26, they are sent to high-intensity and high-risk labor sites and are known to have higher basic salaries than civilian workers.
Moreover, since military workers take it for granted to work without wages, there are few complaints about the exploitation of labor force, and it is not easy to raise a disagreement even if there are disagreements.
However, since the selection process is simpler than that of civilian workers and they are selected in the form of recruitment from each unit, there is no cost of bribery. This means that for executives, there are few opportunities to get the money behind.
In addition, there are no personal expenses in the process of dispatching because the military pays for travel expenses, such as plane wages, when departing abroad.
According to sources, they will live in the same organizational system as the military even at overseas dispatch sites. However, it is known that the name changes little by little, such as calling the platoon as’Jo’, the platoon leader as’Captain’, and the company commander as’Class Leader’.
Young soldiers dispatched to high-intensity and high-risk industries… Scheduled to be dispatched to the Middle East nuclear power plant construction site
The organizations that recruit foreign workers from military personnel are mainly the 7th or 8th general bureaus, which are construction units, and the personnel selected by them are dispatched to the military’s trading companies, such as Cheolhyun and Leungra. It will be deployed in the industry.
The source explained that even if the personnel recruited from the Ministry of Engineers, military workers will work in a variety of industries according to the contracts signed by the military-affiliated trading company with overseas manpower organizations.
It is said that the countries to which North Korean military workers will be dispatched sooner or later are not only China and Russia, but also Mongolia, Syria, Qatar, Egypt, Kuwait, Iran, and the United Arab Emirates.
In particular, in Egypt and Iran, North Korean military workers are expected to be dispatched to high-risk workplaces such as nuclear power plant construction.
A source said, “Because soldiers are the body of the state, they suffer from all kinds of hardships abroad, and even if they earn money, they sleep or sleep and eat anything, but the state takes all their wages.” “At first, the expectation that young soldiers go to other countries. He said that in the past, young warriors from abroad often tried to escape.
※Editor’s note: The UN Security Council has specified that North Korean workers must be repatriated to their home country by December 22, 2019, in resolution 2397 of sanctions against North Korea. However, the North Korean authorities did not care about this, and North Koreans who had stayed in China and Russia naturally continued working and remitted party funds to Pyongyang while closing their borders in the name of Corona 19 in 2020.In addition, new workers are dispatched from this year. I did. I am trying to serialize the plans of the authorities that are ignoring the sanctions and expanding the number of workers dispatched overseas.
Source: DailyNK by www.dailynk.com.
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