New technology for planting orchards will save Crimean farmers two-thirds of their costs


An intensive garden without trellises, which can save up to 250 thousand rubles per hectare, is not a fantasy. It is already growing and bearing fruit in the Crimea. The innovative technology was picked up by other agrarians of the peninsula, and soon it will be adopted in the Southern Federal District.

The farm “Tair” in the Nizhnegorsk region has been growing seedlings of fruit crops for more than 20 years. Up to 200 thousand young trees per year. Of these, approximately 70 percent are pome crops and 30 percent are stone fruits. And in 2017, when the state actively supported gardeners in Crimea, the head of the peasant farm Leman Dzhemilev decided to lay his own orchard. Then, on one hectare, the farmer began to experiment with a new technique. The first experience was encouraging. And two years later, already on 100 hectares, an industrial garden was laid according to this technique, which was called the Crimean Pyramid, or the Crimean Triangle. The essence of the know-how is that three seedlings of intensive stock are planted on an area of ​​approximately one square meter and at a distance of about half a meter from each other. They form a regular triangle. Next, tree trunks are tied at a height of about 70 centimeters from the ground.

“After two or three months, in the place where the seedlings are connected, they will grow together and form a single tree with three roots,” says Leman Dzhemilev. – This landing technique has several advantages over the traditional one. Firstly, it makes it possible to save on trellis, in our case it is not needed, and gardeners know that trellis is two-thirds of the cost of laying a garden. Secondly, it allows planting up to five thousand trees per hectare instead of three.

Pyramid trees form regular rows. But not every stock is suitable. For example, a tall intensive M-106 rootstock will not work, but a short, super intensive M-9 will be ideal.

Seedlings are tied up in the second year after planting. The fused trees form a strong heliotropic structure resistant to wind, snow and fruit load – bent trunks and branches gradually turn towards the sun. At the same time, the farmer immediately laid a thick-walled pipe for drip irrigation. Its service life is 15 years. The entire garden is designed for such a life cycle. On the new plot, Dzhemilev planted apple trees of exclusively local varieties Lady Krym and Gold Krym. They have already been bearing fruit, and this year they will give the first industrial harvest. The predicted fruiting of an adult orchard is about 60-80 tons of apples per hectare.

– But we hope that the yield will be about 100 tons, – the farmer shared his plans. Whether our expectations will be justified, time will tell.

Leman Dzhemilev has already found followers in the Crimea. Farmers planted two orchards using the same method in the Dzhankoysky and Kirovsky districts of the peninsula.

– The head of the “Tair” farm inspired me with his advanced experience, and I also decided to plant such a garden on five hectares, – says Dmitry Boyko, a farmer from the Dzhankoy district. – And most importantly, he advises us, shares his experience and does not keep it a secret.

The Tair farm plans to increase the area of ​​the garden without a trellis by another 100 hectares, and they also want to grow other crops using this technology. There are about 70 varieties of pears in Dzhemilev’s collection. The specialist considers this crop to be very promising for the market.

– Now only imported pears are presented in retail chains, and mainly in September-October, – says Leman Dzhemilev. – We want to saturate our domestic market with pears of our own production. Already selected for this variety, not susceptible to diseases. This is the Kyrgyz winter and Zest of the Crimea. The fruits of these varieties can be stored until the new year.

The Crimean farmer introduced the technology of a trellisless intensive garden to the professional community of southern Russia, and soon such gardens may appear not only in the Crimea, but also in the Krasnodar, Stavropol Territories, as well as in the republics of the North Caucasus.

Direct speech

Elena Koshil, deputy head of the administration of the Nizhnegorsk region of Crimea:

– In our region, there are quite strong dry winds, and this intensive garden has a big plus in that it is possible to save on irrigation due to drip irrigation. In addition, the grass near the trunk of the trees simultaneously protects the soil from drying out and is a natural siderite.

Arsen Arziev, Deputy Minister of Agriculture of the Republic of Kazakhstan:

– Under the subsidy program, we compensate agricultural enterprises and farmers 273 thousand rubles for the cost of installing a trellis per hectare. The full amount of costs under this article reaches 500 and even up to 700 thousand rubles per hectare, depending on which trellises are chosen. So, according to the method used by Leman Dzhemilev, the cost savings are really quite tangible. As for whether or not to introduce this technology on a mass scale, I think there can be no indications here. Everyone is free to decide for himself which method to use. I am sure that this new method will have its supporters, but there will also be those who prefer traditional tapestries.

Help “RG”.

Planting material for fruit crops in the Crimea is produced by 24 agricultural enterprises. 2.7 million seedlings have been grown. The average annual gross production of fruit and berry products in the republic exceeded 100 thousand tons.


Source: Российская Газета by rg.ru.

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