Muscari aucheri is an easy to grow, pleasant and non-invasive spring bulb. This small species shows dense inflorescences with very beautiful colors. It is cultivated with success in pot or rock garden, very rustic, but preferring a draining soil.
Scientific N. Muscari aucheri
Synonyms Muscari tubergenianum, Botryanthus aucheri, Muscari lingulatum, Muscari sintenisii
Flowering April May
Flowers dark blue or light / white
Typebulb plant, alpine rockery plant
Plant and cultivate
Hardiness very rustic, down to -23C
Exposition partial sun
Acidity slightly basic acid
PlantationAugust, September, October
Muscaria aucheri is a spring flowering bulb plant belonging to the family Asparagus, such as asparagus. Muscari aucheri est endemic from Turkey; it’s a alpine plant growing in the forest or on stony slopes at an altitude of 1000 m. It has also become a popular spring bulb, because it offers this delicious inflorescence in a cluster typical of grape hyacinths of the Botryanthus group without multiplying excessively: it is not never intrusive.
Description of Muscari aucheri
Muscari aucheri is easily distinguished fromspecies more common Muscari armeniacum, because it develops broad, flat lanceolate leaves, ending in a hood at the apex. Its bulb, 2 to 3 cm wide, is covered with a pinkish shirt. 2 to 5 leaves begin to emerge from the ground in autumn, measuring no more than 20 cm in length.
At the end of winter, sometimes earlier, the flower stalk short bears a dense and thick cluster of fertile, skin-like flowers with the operculum bordered in white. These sky blue flowers are topped with a few looser (showing a small pedicel) and lighter sterile flowers, which have a bright color and more attractive to insects.
Muscari aucheri blooms in April / May. The flowers are pollinated by insects and turn into trigonal capsules containing a few black seeds of 2 mm.
Some horticultural varieties:
- Muscari aucheri ‘White Magic’ is a very beautiful variety all white with thick ears.
- Muscari aucheri ‘Mount Hood’ is dark blue with very pale sterile flowers.
- Muscari aucheri ‘Ocean Magic’ offers a lighter shade of blue in a squat cluster.
- Muscari aucheri ‘Blue Magic’ is intense blue, of a little more vigorous multiplication.
- Muscari aucheri ‘Sky Blue’ is dragee blue.
How to cultivate Muscari aucheri ?
Very different from muscari from Armenia, Muscari aucheri is non-invasive. In addition, it prefers well-draining soil. It will be planted in a planter, in a rockery, or between the roots of trees, in any soil slightly acidic to basic (he likes limestone) which does not soak up water in winter.
The bulbs are installed at the earliest in late summer and early autumn, because this muscari leaves its leaves almost immediately (October / November), which fills the bulb planters even in winter.
The bulb is driven 3 times its height underground. Muscari aucheri prefer one exposition sunny in winter and spring. Then the shade during its fruiting or resting does not matter. He does not fear the summer drought.
If you do not want to seed, cut the ears as soon as they are deflowered. This will tire the bulb less, which may make more bulbils.
How to multiply Muscari aucheri ?
Muscari aucheri produces few bulbils around the main bulb. He has one slow vegetative propagation. It can be multiplied faster by seed. The seeds are sown at harvest or in late summer and kept in the outdoor climate. They will be able to germinate in the fall or in January. The seedlings grow 3 years before flowering.
Species and varieties of Muscari
30 to 60 species in this genus, native to the Mediterranean regions and Asia Minor including:
- Muscari botryoïdes, the muscari raisin Muscari comosum, the muscari à toupet.
- Muscari chalusicum, beautiful blue gradient muscari from Iran
- Muscari tenuiflorum, original flowering, unusual
- Muscari macrocarpum, the scented muscari
Source: Au Jardin, conseils en jardinage by www.aujardin.info.
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