More beautiful years – this is good to know about the active ingredients in cosmetics

The acids smooth the lines

Acids and skin may sound like a scary combination, but the acids used in cosmetics are everything else: effective and fast yet gentle.

Exfoliating acids are of particular benefit to adult skin, which has problems with fine lines, haze and liver or pigment spots.

Treatment products containing exfoliating acids remove dead skin surface cells, brighten color, moisturize and soften fine lines.

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The best known of these alpha hydroxy acids (AHAs) are smoothing glycolic acid and pigment smoothing lactic acid. Beta-hydroxy acid (BHA), more commonly known as salicylic acid, again reduces skin oiliness and is not suitable for dry snails.

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Vitamins for a strong youth

Who wouldn’t want firmer and younger looking skin? The stimulant can be found in skin care vitamins!

VITAMIN A, or retinol, promotes skin regeneration, the production of abrasive collagen and increases the amount of moisture-binding hyaluronic acid. Similarly, bakuchiol from the seeds of a medicinal plant works, which evens out skin tone and reduces the visibility of lines and pores.

The most popular B VITAMINS are niacinamide B3 and panthenol B5, which moisturize and treat especially dry skin.

VITAMIN C, or ascorbic acid, prevents the formation of pigment spots by reducing the activity of an enzyme that promotes the production of melanin.

In addition, vitamin C brightens and smoothes and is necessary for collagen production. As an antioxidant, it also protects the skin from the harmful effects of UV radiation.

Antioxidants to prevent skin aging

Unstable chemical compounds – free radicals – do the same thing on the skin as anywhere else in the body. They age the cells.

At the same time, the amount and quality of collagen, which provides skin firmness, and elastin, which provides elasticity, deteriorates.

To help, multi-skilled skin care professionals, such as antioxidants and peptides, are needed to slow the onset of signs of aging.

Antioxidants, such as vitamins and coenzyme Q10, or ubiquinone, block the action of free radicals.

Peptides, on the other hand, smooth the skin, reduce fine lines and wrinkles, firm and moisturize.

For atopic skin, a protective wall made of ceramides

Are the ceramides familiar? In skin care, they are like building blocks that repair the skin’s protective wall and reduce moisture evaporation.

If the natural amount of ceramide in the skin is reduced and the skin may feel dry. As the protective wall strengthens, moisture is better retained and the skin surface remains smooth and even.

Ceramides are especially useful for dry, atopic, reddened or itchy irritated skin.

For aging skin repair of hyalutronic acid

With age, the skin’s ability to bind moisture decreases and more moisture evaporates. No worries, the queen of moisturizers is hyaluronic acid, which is naturally abundant in young skin.

In the list of cosmetic ingredients, this active substance is often found under the names hyaluronic acid or sodiumhyaluronate.

Because hyaluronic acid, or hyaluronan, binds moisture, it is especially preferred in anti-age products.

Well-moisturized skin looks softer and fuller, and small lines don’t stand out so clearly.

Couperosa skin balancing probiotics

Have you come to think that probiotics and prebiotics familiar from intestinal health can also be helpful in skin care? They especially support the well-being of sensitive and couperosa skin.

Probiotics, health-promoting microbes, support the skin’s own resistance.

Prebiotics, various carbohydrates and vitamins, in turn, serve as a diet for probiotics.

When the microbial strain on the skin surface, the microbiome, is diverse and balanced, the skin feels well, looks youthful, and better withstands external stresses such as air pollution and varying weather conditions.

Expert: Marjo Poutanen, Head of the Department of Beauty Care (Bachelor of Science in Esten / YAMK), Laurea University of Applied Sciences.

This article has appeared in Good Health magazine. As a subscriber, you can read all numbers free of charge from the service

Source: Hyvä Terveys by

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