Monarchy vs Republic, advantages and disadvantages of each system

Government systems that make up monarchies are represented in up to 44 countries in which we must include the 16 kingdoms in which Queen Elizabeth II still has the role of head of state, as is the case with canada, although this does not mean that Canada gives sovereignty to the united kingdom if it is not rather a symbolic role in official acts.

There are many types of monarchies. We have those starring in the Middle East where the monarchs are in turn the heads of state. In the monarchies of East Asia they have a rather religious role. And in the European monarchies they are supported by parliamentary systems that do not offer real political power but do offer institutional representation.

But monarchies tend to be questioned since they are not born by universal suffrage as opposed to republics, therefore, there is a deep debate on this issue and we consider the advantages and disadvantages of both forms of government.

The role of head of state

in the monarchies the king, as head of state, tends to offer a more impartial role outside of political disputes. On the side of the republics, we see many political parties vying for control of the highest echelons of political power.

Consequently, in republics with several political parties, the figure of the president would represent the interests of a very small part of the population and it can degenerate into serious disputes in which they push each other to gain political advantage.

It can be considered of doubtful legitimacy that the position of head of state comes by inheritance. But the surname in the form of a dynasty is not only found in monarchiesIn the United States, families like the Bushes or the Clintons have been in the political front line over the years. Furthermore, the design of the electoral system may mean that the party with the most votes is not necessarily the one that ends up governing or obtains the most representation.

Beyond the institution, from the monarch’s point of view, in certain countries they have tax advantages. In the republics, tax relief is limited and the beneficiaries of the monarchies of Sweden and Spain also have no tax privileges.

However, such tax benefits exist in Belgium, Norway, the Netherlands, Luxembourg and Denmark. Some members of the British royal family are exempt from taxes, although they have voluntarily relinquished these privileges.

If we talk purely about allocations, in the republics an allocation is made only to the President. We find that in the Netherlands, the system is limited to the reigning monarch and the crown prince, with the possibility of allocations to the former monarch and his spouse. Along these lines, and to a certain extent, they share systems with Norway and Luxembourg. A lump sum is set aside for the royal family in both Sweden and Spain. Belgium and Denmark use a more generous and comprehensive allowance system because all children of the head of state are entitled to an allowance.

The complexity of cost comparison

In Europe, the most expensive monarchies can be found in Norway, Holland and the United Kingdom with a cost of around 40 million euros. The rest of the monarchies -Sweden, Denmark, Belgium, Luxembourg and Spain- bear costs of less than 15 million euros.

The Republics have more generous budgets. Germany bears a cost of 25 million that could be in the measure of the European monarchies, but France and Italy shoot up the average with linked costs of 228 and 113 million euros.

These budgets are designed to face the rewardsquotas and social benefits of the staff, operating expenses, protocol and representation expenses.

In spite of everything, we would make a serious mistake if we compare the official costs of the Republic system in France (113 million euros) compared to the Spanish monarchy (8 million). And it is that there are considerable difficulties in comparing the costs between the systems linked to a monarchy versus those that are under the mandate of a republic, essentially due to the transparency of the costs. In this case, the costs attributed to the monarchies tend to be less transparent than in the republics, so the associated costs are completely unknown.

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Not only is there complexity in data transparency to determine costs, but the profitability generated by one system or another. To determine whether it is cheap or expensive, the fruits of the institutional relationships developed or the volume of business generated by the official acts of each of the systems should be quantified.

Absolutist monarchies have been a problem for economic growth

In a system in the form of a republic, the interests of the population are represented in their different political forms. Political parties want votes and the only way to get them is by taking an interest in the chores of citizens.

Absolutist monarchies have historically been a stick in the wheels to promote economic growthexcept in a few cases such as Saudi Arabia due to its prominent global role in oil production.

And it is that empowering a monarch to concentrate the powers of the State, supposes a attack on property rights. If property rights are not secured, there is no motivation to invest and accumulate capital.

In fact, there’s a reason why the Industrial Revolution began in England and it is that, institutionally, it was the first to develop a form of government of parliamentary monarchy.

William Pitt The Younger House Of Commons 1793

The Glorious Revolution was crucial in this process, including the 1689 constitutional agreement between the Crown and Parliament, in which the Bill of Rights submitted the king to Parliament on legislation and taxation. Therefore, the reduction of the arbitrary powers of the Crown gave rise to economic freedoms and more secure property rights, which allowed, among other factors, the boom of the economy.


Source: El Blog Salmón by www.elblogsalmon.com.

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