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The acari they are almost everywhere: man lives practically enveloped by these tiny organisms, so much so that some have developed a real symbiotic relationship with human beings. Yet, although apparently harmless, for some people the presence of the mites generates dangerous disturbances. Between allergic crises, dermatological problems and general discomfort, for hypersensitive subjects getting rid of their presence becomes an imperative. But which are the most dangerous species and, above all, which are the 5 secrets to permanently remove them?
As already mentioned, mites are practically ubiquitous beings: they cover a large part of the surface of houses, fabrics and even human skin. Not all of them are harmful to humans, but a small part – such as dust mites – can generate significant nuisances. Below, all the useful information.
What are mites?
The term mites identifies a large one genus of arachnids – the same family to which spiders also belong – consisting of hundreds of different species. All belong to the subclass Acarina and, according to their characteristics, they can be divided into acariforms, parasitiforms and opiliocariforms.
These arachnids are really tiny, so much so that the most common on the planet measure from one to two millimeters in length. There are also larger representatives, such as some tropical acarids that reach three centimeters in length, but in most cases they are necessary to identify them. microscope analysis.
Generally speaking, they are very different beings from each other in shape and behavior, even if they all tend to have a very effective mouthparts. This is useful for feeding but also for digging, as well as for joining the chest with the head area. Most varieties also have a moderately leathery structure.
Definitely prolific, so much so that they can colonize a closed environment in a few hours, it is believed that they were among the very first living beings to appear on Earth. Recent studies have confirmed its existence even as early as 290 million years ago.
Can the mites be seen?
Given their tiny size, most mites cannot be seen with the naked eye. It is therefore necessary to resort to the microscope or, for species with more generous dimensions, to particularly powerful magnifying glasses. But it is not necessary to observe them directly to confirm their presence, as they often leave more evident traces of their passage.
Between factors which can lead to suspicion of the spread of mites, attention must be paid to:
- Dust: many species feed on human dandruff and dust. Where the latter is abundant, the presence of mites is practically established;
- Stings: some varieties feed on human blood and therefore can bite people, especially during the night. The sting is quite characteristic, as it is smaller in size than mosquitoes and other insects, but no less annoying;
- Allergy: many mites are among the main causes of allergies to the upper respiratory tract. Symptoms such as sneezing, colds, red eyes and asthma could indirectly confirm their presence.
Mites and health: what they can cause
As already mentioned, mites can be a problem for the salute. Some species only affect people who are hypersensitive to their action, as in the case of dust allergy sufferers, others indifferently anyone. This is the case of the dermatological irritations, of which mange is the best known infestation.
Yet not all mites cause problems, some live in perfect symbiosis with humans.
Mites: Are They All Harmful?
Not all mites are harmful to humans. Many species live and reproduce on human skin, for example, without causing any kind of problem. The species that are really harmful to humans are small but, unfortunately, very widespread. Among the best known are:
- Dust mites: they feed on dandruff and human debris, they can trigger strong allergic reactions;
- Acari ematofagi: relatives of ticks, they feed on blood and then bite humans, causing skin irritations, such as Ixodida;
- Pathogenic mites: they are vectors of viruses and diseases, with their sting, such as Rickettsiae;
- Parasitic mites: they settle on the skin by feeding on sebum, but occluding the pores and generating folliculites.
One of the most common problems, that of allergies, deserves a separate study. Allergy to mites of the dust it is one of the most common and complex reactions to the exposure of these arachnids, with very serious consequences for those who suffer from it. This allergy can in fact trigger:
- Sore throat and stuffy nose
- Respiratory difficulties;
- Severe asthma attacks
- Anaphylactic shock.
People who suffer from it are forced into one maniacal cleaning of the rooms, to avoid the accumulation of dust and debris that stimulate the proliferation of these arachnids. But often also to follow long therapies with antihistamines, cortisone or desensitizing vaccines.
The choice of natural latex mattresses and pillows, a breathable material that makes the habitat inhospitable for mites, can still be a valid choice for allergy sufferers.
Mite bites: what do they cause on the skin?
Mites that feed on blood, sebum or human skin affect everyone, not just allergic individuals. In particular, mattress mites can act during the night, filling the body with a lot of itchy and painful bites.
Ma what do the mites on the skin cause? The bite differs from that of other insects as it is small in size but very red. In severe cases, dermatitis, peeling, pus and fluid loss may appear. Furthermore, the bites can represent an access vehicle for viruses and bacteria to the organism.
How to get rid of mites permanently
Having said that, how to remove mites permanently? Achieving a complete elimination of these arachnids is particularly difficult, if not impossible: they are ubiquitous, reproduce very quickly and cannot be easily identified. Yet its presence can be greatly reduced, bringing it below the risk level for allergic reactions and other ailments.
How to get rid of bed mites
The read represents the place where mites proliferate most, in particular the mattress represents for them a perfect hiding place. This is because it does not undergo frequent washing and, consequently, these arachnids can multiply undisturbed. In addition, not only the mites themselves cause allergic reactions, but also their carcasses and the excrement they leave around.
To reduce their presence, first of all we start with some good daily habits:
- Ventilate the mattress, exposing it on windows and balconies, beating it to favor the elimination of excess dust;
- Expose to the sun mattress and blankets, because light and heat reduce mites;
- Vacuum the surface at least once a week.
Then there are some natural remedies particularly effective:
- Bicarbonate: once every 15 days, it may be useful to sprinkle the mattress with bicarbonate, leaving it on for about an hour. In addition to removing odors and stains, the compound penetrates the fibers, killing the arachnids;
- Tea Tree Oil: its essence is unwelcome to mites, it can be spread on the mattress with the help of a slightly soaked cotton pad;
- Neem oil: it has an effective pesticide effect also on mites, it can be sprinkled directly on the mattress or added to bed linen detergent.
How to get rid of mites from pillows
In addition to the mattress, the i cushions they must be constantly sanitized, to say goodbye to annoying mites. First of all, it is useful to change the pillowcases frequently, at least once a week.
After that, the cushions should be beaten repeatedly and exposed to the sun and, if necessary, cleaned with a vacuum cleaner.
Also in this case, bicarbonate, Neem oil and Tea Tree Oil are effective. In addition, you can decide to wash them in the washing machine with a mix of baking soda and vinegar which, in addition to removing sweat and odors, will minimize the presence of mites.
How to get rid of mites from carpets
I carpets they represent a real receptacle for mites, both because they are constantly in contact with the ground and because of their dense and tight meshes. To sanitize them, you can proceed with a daily routine:
- Vacuum the carpet regularly;
- Beat it to eliminate the dust in the deep layers of the fibers;
- Exposing it to the sun.
For a deeper disinfestation, you can cover the carpet with baking soda, leave it on for about an hour and then vacuum up. Me too’lemon essence it works and, if the carpet is not valuable, you can try a hand wash with the addition of half a glass of wine vinegar.
How to get rid of mites from curtains
All the textiles of the house, and in particular the curtains, they can be assaulted by mites. In addition to washing cycles in the washing machine, to be carried out at least once a month, it is recommended to:
- Spray a solution of water and Tea Tree Oil daily, using a spray dispenser recovered from old detergents;
- Clean the curtains with steam once a week;
- Place deterrent plants such as laurel, frankincense or geranium at the base of the curtains.
How to get rid of mites from floors
The floor it represents the access route of the arachnids not only to the house, but to all the furniture and textiles it contains. Cleaning must therefore be daily, thoroughly vacuuming every corner and washing at least every other day.
On the washing front, there are some useful natural weapons:
- Lavender essence, also to be diluted with normal detergent;
- Tea Tree Oil, about 15 drops per liter of hot water;
- Vinegar, a glass for every liter of hot water;
- Lemon juice, about one tablespoon per liter of water.
Also wash with steamfinally, it allows to kill all the mites thanks to the very high temperatures.
Source: GreenStyle by www.greenstyle.it.
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