Memory breaks, but when is it a memory disorder?

In middle age you notice it. The name read in the newspaper in the morning is not remembered, let alone the name of an old acquaintance found in the mall. At home, I stop in the middle of the room to think about what I was going to do.

At this point, cold sweat begins to rise to the forehead. Is this now a memory disorder?

Worrying is usually futile.

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In the name, groping is not a sign of a memory disorder looming around the corner.

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Flooded knowledge, stress, worries, and poor sleep from all directions are more likely causes than dementia.

– Modern times seem to require the brain to be online, 24 hours a day, all the time. After all, it doesn’t work, the brain also needs rest, Professor of Geriatrics Miia Kivipelto resemble.

However, something happens in memory as you age. Typically, changes begin to be noticed around the age of 65.

Learning slows down, even if the memory still plays as sharply as when younger. This is especially evident in tasks that require speed.

The code of the new debit card is not learned from one sitting and the crossword is not filled at the same pace as before.

The deceleration may not be noticed by yourself, as the changes progress to the elevator.

Multitasking, that is the ideal of this time, does not work as well as the younger ones. If there are many balls in the air at the same time, not all of them can be caught at the same time.

– The 65-year-old copes with the tasks as well as before, but it takes a little more time than when he was younger, Miia Kivipelto says.

Signs of memory disease

It is not easy to draw the limit of normal memory slowing down or memory illness. Memory difficulties are very similar in both cases.

These are just small degree differences.

  1. Memory disease can occur if learning becomes more difficult significantly.
  2. It is also typical that local memory is impaired. There will be a sählink in life when, in addition to trivial things, important things are forgotten. I do not remember what was agreed yesterday.
  3. Memory disease often gets to cover up problems. People who say they forget are perhaps not in danger. Memory disease is noticed by others who are most associated with the forgetful.
  4. Sometimes a person with a memory disorder becomes isolated and stop doing things, which used to be: He can stop using a computer, make coffee or play golf.

– It is easier to give up than to admit that there is something wrong, Miia Kivipelto says.


Your doctor or memory nurse will test your memory with simple questions as well as memory and perception tasks.

Here are some examples:

  • What year is it?
  • What day of the week is it today?
  • What month is it now?
  • What is this place we are in now?
  • How many floors are we on?

Expert: Miia Kivipelto, Professor of Geriatrics, Stockholm Karolinska Institutet and University of Eastern Finland.

This article has appeared in Good Health magazine. As a subscriber, you can read all numbers free of charge from the service

Source: Hyvä Terveys by

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