Mediterranean plants: the main families

Mediterranean plants: the main families

What are the most common Mediterranean plants and what are the fundamental characteristics of the species that are part of this large group of plants.

In the large group of Mediterranean plants there are numerous species that share some common characteristics, first of all being present in the areas bathed by the Mediterranean Sea. They are plants that love a warm and little rainy climate, benefiting from the sun but also able to tolerate weather conditions particular, surviving even periods of drought and the strength of the winds that often blow on the coasts.

In general, only plants that grow on predominantly rocky soils and that do not need much water, taking into account the often arid climate that is typical of the Mediterranean basin. They are species that we can easily find in Italy in the form of shrubs and bushes but also of real trees, often belonging to the category of evergreen. A basic distinction, therefore, can be made precisely by taking into account the shrub species and those arboreal.

Shrub and tree species


Just to be able to best survive the strong coastal winds, Mediterranean plants often grow as low and resistant shrubs. Many of these can also be easily grown in pots or in the garden, provided the climatic conditions and exposure to sunlight are optimal. For example, some very common plants such as laurel, strawberry tree, mastic, rosemary and myrtle belong to this group. Juniper, caper, broom, oleander, honeysuckle, butcher’s broom and wild olive are also added. Lavender, sage, thyme, hawthorn, heather and agave are also part of this family. As for the Mediterranean arboreal plants, however, they include the holm oak, the cork oak, the carob, the maritime pine and the olive tree.

Mediterranean garden


To set up a garden full of Mediterranean plants, it is essential to make sure you can respect them care needs. Some aspects must be carefully evaluated, especially with regard to climatic conditions and exposure to the sun, which must never be missing. Furthermore, many of the shrub species can be used to give birth to aromatic bushes and ornamental in the garden. A decisive role in the Mediterranean garden, for example, is played by aromatic plants: the bushy habit, combined with the characteristic colors of these vegetables and the aromas released by the berries and leaves, help to create a small domestic Mediterranean landscape. The variety of the foliage and the particular structure also ensures that these plants are highly decorative even when they are not in bloom.

Mediterranean balcony

It is also possible to make a multicolored Mediterranean balcony, opting for plants that can be easily grown in pots: green light, in addition to the usual aromatic species, useful in the kitchen and precious for preparing many natural remedies. They are often scenographic plants, able to create natural barriers and decorative supports: just to give a few examples, plumbaggine, lantana, oleander and purslane can also be easily grown. Also in this case, it is essential to both evaluate exposure to sunlight and avoid exposing the plants to winter weather.

Source: GreenStyle by

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