May 9 – Europe Day and Romania’s State Independence Day

In 1985, the leaders of the European Community, meeting at the Milan summit, decided to celebrate Europe Day on 9 May.

The date marks the historic day on which the Schuman Declaration was issued.

In a speech in Paris in 1950, French Foreign Minister Robert Schuman proposed establishing a new form of political cooperation in Europe that would forever rule out the possibility of a new war between the nations of Europe, writes .

On May 9, 1950, the first step was taken towards the creation of today’s European Union.

Schuman read a statement to the international press calling on France, Germany and four other European countries to pool their coal and steel production, laying the foundation stone of a European federation.

The French minister then proposed the creation of a supranational European institution in charge of managing the coal and steel industry, a sector that was, at the time, the basis of all military power. The countries to which the call was made had almost destroyed each other in a conflict that left behind huge material damage and a sense of desolation.

“World peace cannot be secured without creative efforts commensurate with the dangers that threaten it. The contribution that an organized and active Europe can make to civilization is indispensable for the maintenance of peaceful relations. ”

This is how one of the most important statements of the last century begins. Schuman would present Jean Monnet’s idea of ​​making war impossible.

“The French government is proposing that Franco-German coal and steel production be placed under a joint High Authority within an open organization and other European states. The pooling of coal and steel production will immediately ensure the establishment of a common basis for economic development, a first step towards the realization of a European federation and will change the destinies of those regions which in the past were engaged in the manufacture of munitions of war, but which were at the same time, the most constant victims of conflicts ”.

It was the first time such a thing had happened. Jean Monnet, the author of the European Union’s plan, thought in a way that would make war materially impossible by placing Europe’s coal and steel production under the authority of a supranational.

“The solidarity of production thus established will prove that any war between France and Germany becomes not only unimaginable, but also materially impossible.”

Basically, Schuman is inviting Germany and other European states to join a new continental order. After his statement, West German Chancellor Konrad Adenauer announced that he agreed with Schuman’s proposal. Italy, Belgium, Luxembourg and the Netherlands joined.

It was going to happen. Europe was finally uniting.

Representatives of all states met and decided to sign the Treaty of Paris on April 18, 1951, leading to the emergence of the European Coal and Steel Community, a kind of grandmother of today’s European Union. The United States strongly supports the European project. The Marshall Plan and NATO are just two of the vital aid that the American people have given to the European people.

The first significance of May 9 for Romania is related to 1877, being the day when Mihail Kogălniceanu uttered, in the plenary of the Assembly of Deputies, the Declaration of Independence of Romania, an act that enshrined the definitive inscription of the country on the map of Europe. The assertion of Romania’s independence would be fulfilled, in the coming months, by the Army, on the battlefields of Pleven, Rahova, Griviţa, Smârdan and other redoubts conquered with blood and sacrifices. This day was proclaimed Romania’s State Independence Day.

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