The European Union had 447 million citizens in 2019, according to the European Commission’s report on the Impact of Demographic Change.
Although some (few) countries continue to increase the population, it will be for a short time. Forecasts point to 440 million in 2025 and thereafter, a decrease, until reaching 424 million in 2070.
In 2018, the average life expectancy of women in the EU was 83.7 years; in 2070 it will be 90.3 years. For men, it was 78.2 years and 50 years from now it should exceed 86.
In the EU, the average healthy years of life is 64.2. But there are significant differences: in Sweden he is 73 and in Latvia he is 51.
Women, in the European Union, have children increasingly later: in 2018, the average was 30.8 years and each had, on average, 1.55 children.
In 2019, there were 265 million active workers, but in 2050 there will be only 230 million and, 20 years later, 220 million. There were 2.9 assets per person over the age of 65. In 2070, there will be only 1.7.
In 2018, 2.4 million people immigrated to Europe and 1.1 million Europeans emigrated to third countries. 1.4 million people have moved to other Member States, including immigrants.
In 2070, 30% of the population will be over 65 years old (currently 20%). And people over 80 years old will make up 13% of the total European population, in other words, double the number registered now.
The active population will decline from 59% in 2019 to 51% of the total in 2070.
Before the pandemic, the Commission estimated that the costs of aging would weigh around 27% on European GDP, 50 years from now.
In 2019, 40% of the European population lived in urban areas, 39% in intermediate areas and 21 in rural areas.
Thirty-one million people live in regions doubly affected by desertification and impoverishment, especially in rural areas. They are 7% of the population of the European Union.
There are countries in which rural areas have been losing population since the 1990s. Portugal is one of them.
Source: Renascença – Noticias by rr.sapo.pt.
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