When he arrived in January 1942 in Lyon, in the unoccupied zone, Jean Moulin, alias “Rex”, was charged by General de Gaulle with an essential mission: to prepare the convergence and coordination of the movements of the internal Resistance and to finalize the fusion of the paramilitary personnel of the three free zone movements into a single organization, the Secret Army. Lyon then becomes the heart of its action; he reveals his talents as an organizer.
Myth of the Resistance
On the occasion of the 80th anniversary of the death of Jean Moulin, Le Progrès publishes a book which retraces the fight led by the leader of the Resistance, particularly in Lyon, between January 1942 and June 1943, the date of his arrest by Klaus Barbie in Caluire. Stéphane Nivet, the author of this work entitled Jean Moulin, the stranger from Lyonreplaces this strong history in its chronology and its geography.
With him, the reader walks the streets of Lyon and the region to discover places that have become symbols of the Resistance. The author also stages the characters who accompanied Jean Moulin throughout his fight, to better understand the fragile reality of the Resistance and the daily difficulty of a total commitment.
Build, unify, perish…
In particular from November 11, 1942, when the occupation of the South zone marked a turning point in the action of Jean Moulin. In a city occupied by the Nazis and surrounded by the activity of the Gestapo, Moulin manages to federate the movements, on the political and military levels.
But repression intensified and clandestine life weakened this “Army of Shadows”, prey to a growing threat in what had become “the capital of the Resistance”.
In the spring of 1943, the repression of the Gestapo of Lyon against the Resistance, in addition to that which specifically targets the Jews, changes scale and becomes systematized. The infiltration of networks, counter-espionage, allow Klaus Barbie to tighten the noose around Jean Moulin, until his arrest in Caluire on June 21, 1943, the beginning of a torture at the end of which, without having spoken, the latter will succumb to his injuries, alone, in a train taking him to Germany.
Source: Le Progrès : info et actu nationale et régionale – Rhône, Loire, Ain, Haute-Loire et Jura | Le Progrès by www.leprogres.fr.
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