In January 2022, a number of new laws come into force in Russia. Foreign IT companies will have to open their own branch in the country, more catering enterprises will be able to count on benefits, and it will also be possible to return part of the money for sports. Read about these and other innovations in our material.
“Landing” of IT giants, benefits for catering, tax deduction for sports: which laws come into force in JanuaryAnastasia Maryina
“Landing” of IT giants
Foreign Internet companies with a daily audience of more than 500 thousand people will be obliged to open a branch, representative office or authorized legal entity in Russia.
Violators of the new requirements face sanctions ranging from slowdowns to complete blocking.
Limit value the average number of employees of individual legal entities and individual entrepreneurs who work in the public catering sector increases to 1,500 people. This will allow them to be classified as small and medium-sized businesses.
Thus, more catering establishments will be able to count on benefits for small businesses.
Also, catering services that are provided through public catering facilities and with catering services are not subject to VAT.
Sports tax deduction
Citizens will be able to return part of the money spent on health and fitness services. You can apply the tax deduction to income received from January 1, 2022.
Refusal of identification by biometrics
Since the beginning of 2022, the refusal of citizens to use biometric data for identification cannot be the basis for refusing to provide state and municipal services.
Measures to reduce the debt burden of the population
The Bank of Russia will be able to restrict the issuance of unsecured consumer loans by banks and loans by microfinance companies (MFIs). The types of loans and credits that will be affected by these measures and the procedure for limiting will be determined by the mega-regulator’s board of directors.
Increasing the minimum wage
The minimum wage will be increased to 13,890 rubles per month. Previously, it was 12,792 rubles.
The size of the subsistence minimum will also grow and will amount to 12,654 rubles per capita in Russia as a whole, for the working-age population – 13,793 rubles, for pensioners – 10,882 rubles, for children – 12,274 rubles.
Electronic document management in the field of labor relations
Now, when hiring Russians without work experience, their consent to interact with the help of electronic document management is not required.
Electronic document management is expected to help employees electronically sign documents without visiting the personnel department and have quick access to the necessary documentation.
Direct payments from the FSS
Insurance payments will be transferred to the Social Insurance Fund (FSS) directly – to a bank account or through the “Post of Russia”. This should enable citizens to receive benefits without delay, regardless of the financial situation of the employers.
The changes concern payments for sick leave, benefits for pregnancy and childbirth and childcare, as well as a one-time benefit at the birth of a child.
Optimization of public procurement
The number of competitive procurement methods will be reduced to the three most common – competition, auction, request for quotations. Other methods will be excluded, since they largely duplicate the procedure for holding an open tender.
Regulation in the field of professional services in the financial market
The Bank of Russia is empowered to regulate, control and supervise the provision of professional services in the financial market. Such services are considered to be provided by credit bureaus, actuarial agents, credit rating agencies and audit organizations in the financial market.
It has been established that the Bank of Russia also maintains databases on these persons.
Changes in the law on credit histories
Qualified credit bureaus will be required to indicate the individual rating of borrowers – a numerical value of creditworthiness, which is calculated according to the methodology of the Bank of Russia. Focusing on it, citizens will be able to assess their chances of getting a loan, and banks – to understand their real creditworthiness.
The retention period for credit history records will be reduced from 10 to 7 years.
Remote account opening
Banks with a universal license will be required to provide individual customers with the opportunity to open accounts (deposits) and receive loans in rubles through the bank’s website or mobile application after passing the identification.
At the same time, the official website and mobile application of the credit institution must meet the criteria established by the Bank of Russia.
Transfer to the Author of Rights to Inventions Created with Budget Funds
A mechanism has been developed to involve state-financed developments in the market turnover. A limited list of cases has been established in which the rights to such developments are assigned to the state – in other cases they must be transferred to the developers.
However, the state retains the right to use them free of charge for its own needs, if necessary.
Wine made only from grapes
A ban is introduced on the use of the word “wine” and its derivatives on the label in the name of alcoholic beverages obtained by fermentation of grapes. Otherwise, the products are now falsified.
Unified register of information about the population
From January 1, a unified federal information register begins to operate in Russia. It will contain the full name, date and place of birth, gender, SNILS, TIN, citizenship and marital status of citizens. Thus, the general data held by the state will be collected together. No new information will be collected.
The law will make it easier to obtain subsidies and benefits and reduce paperwork.
A special register of travel agents will appear on the Rostourism website. This should ensure a safe and quality holiday for tourists with trusted travel service providers.
Also, rural tourism will officially appear in Russia – visiting rural areas or small towns, where up to 30 thousand people live.
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Source: RB.RU by rb.ru.
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