A lot of shows and demos are published directly about Ubuntu. Other distributions from this family remain a bit in the background. Today we will look at the installation and setup of one of them.
We can download Kubuntu from the home page the product. It is necessary to decide whether to choose the version with long-term support LTS (Long Term Support) or the current version. The current one contains newer software.
What to decide?
Support for LTS versions is 60 months. LTS versions are published every two years. A new version of LTS will be released in April 2022.
Support for basic versions 9 months. Ubuntu family distributions are released every 6 months. Hence the need for promotion with each new version. There are no problems with promotion, but there is no risk at all. It is advisable to have data backed up. However, in the case of an installation with a separate / home directory, it is not a problem to perform a clean installation with data preservation and user settings.
The LTS version is more suitable for most people. Take the basic version if you need newer software or if you have new hardware. Risk of incompatibility with the LTS version of the distribution.
I described the preparation of the computer for installation in one of the previous articles.
The installation itself
We boot. In our case, we will choose the first option.
We will choose Czech and install Kubuntu. If we’re not sure if the operating system supports our device, we’ll be the first to try it out. Then the computer boots into Kubuntu directly as a live system. And we can test if everything is running. We can then start the installation with the icon on the desktop.
Keyboard layout. Usually set to OK automatically according to the installation language selection. We will check and continue.
We select the scope of software installation. We choose the option of automatic installation of updates during the installation process. It is also important to be able to allow the installation of closed third-party drivers, I recommend agreeing.
We did not receive an offer to use the vacancy. We will choose the manual variant of disk partitioning. There is no reason to be afraid of this choice.
We have shrunk Windows before. We get to the detailed editor, we find a vacant vacancy. We click on a free space and we can create partitions. The first Linux root partition. I most often recommend the ext4 file system. Connection point.
Then swap the swap partition. I recommend at least the size of RAM for a smooth sleep. You may not be able to create this partition and use a swap file.
The following is the home section for user directories. It is not a condition, but it will make system administration much easier. File system I recommend ext4. Connection point / home.
We do not create a partition for data sharing between systems, there is not enough space. If there is enough space, we will create a partition similar to / home. We will use the connection point at our own discretion. For example, if someone is still groping in the Linux file system, I recommend a place for standard external disk / media mounting. We set the connection point to / media / data, for example. We must set the file system as NTFS to be visible from Windows.
This description shows how to create partitions in a free space. However, the editor has enough options to modify existing partitions. It is possible to completely prepare the disk for installation without any problems. See the article link at the beginning of this chapter.
Pay attention to the installation location of the system loader. Especially if you have more disks available. Except in specific cases, always install to disk, not to partions.
Confirm changes made to disks. Attention, this is where the actual implementation of the disk layout change begins. Last space to detect possible errors. Definitely check.
We will set the time zone.
We will set the name and username. Login password and computer name. We choose whether to use automatic login or require manual login. Beware of the possible combination of automatic login and a larger number of users. this is not a good choice. Suitable for everyone to have their own user account. Let’s continue.
So now let’s wait for the installation to finish. When this screen appears, we are done. In the case of installation on the mbr sector disk, a confirmation of writing the boot record will appear before this termination.
In the next chapter we will look at possible first steps in the system.
Source: PCTuning – Všechen obsah by pctuning.cz.
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