Ministry of Employment and Labor Announces National Union Organization Status in 2020
The KCTU is 11.34 million people… Reversal despite including 45,000 students
The union organization rate is 14.2%… Only 0.2% of businesses with less than 30 employees
On the 14th, near Korea Development Bank in Yeouido, Seoul, union members of the Korean Federation of Trade Unions hold a rally urging the adoption of the 7 major demands, including the full application of the Labor Standards Act and the immediate implementation of the labor director system. / Reporter Kang Jin-hyeong [email protected]湲 蹂肄
[세종=아시아경제 문채석 기자] As of the end of last year, the total number of union members of the Korea Federation of Trade Unions (KCTU) exceeded 1.15 million, indicating that it regained its status as the first trade union in three years. The National Federation of Trade Unions (KCTU) also had more than 100,000 union members compared to a year ago, as the number of members of the National Teachers and Staff Union (KTU) increased by 45,000 after the Ministry of Employment and Labor canceled the notification of unlawful union after the Supreme Court ruling in September last year. increased the number of employees, but gave way to the Korea Federation of Trade Unions.
According to the ‘2020 National Union Organizational Status’ released by the Ministry of Employment and Labor on the 30th, as of the end of last year, the number of union members in the Korean Federation of Trade Unions was 1,15,3863, the largest among high-level organizations in Korea. The number of union members of the KCTU was 1,134,056, which was 19,807 fewer than the Korean Federation of Trade Unions. The number of union members in the Korea Federation of Trade Unions increased by 12.3% from a year earlier (10,27,229 people), and the KCTU increased by 8.5% from a year ago (104,4910 people). At the end of each year, the Ministry of Employment and Labor announces the status of the national union organization. The status of union organization was calculated based on the number of union members at the end of the previous year reported by unit unions according to the Labor Union Act, and was compiled by the Korea Labor Institute.
The Korea Federation of Trade Unions (KCTU) gave up the position of the first trade union to the Confederation of Trade Unions (KCTU) in terms of the number of union members based on the status of union organization announced by the Ministry of Employment and Labor for two consecutive years from 2018 to 2019. Last year’s statistics predicted that the gap in the number of union members between the two major unions would widen as the total number of union members of the KCTU, which was in an illegal trade union status at the time of 2019, was about 45,000 included in last year’s statistics. As of the end of last year, the KCTU executives predicted and realized the ‘1.1 million KCTU era’, including the KTU union members, but the union membership of the KCTU increased significantly.
The Korea Federation of Trade Unions said, “On the surface, 8 unions within the Samsung Group joined the National Metal Workers’ Union (KMIL) last year, and the increase in public service jobs in social industry services such as railways and cleaning seems to have had an impact,” the Korea Federation of Trade Unions said. “Rather than that, due to the problem of the government’s statistical collection method (which reflects only reported union members in the statistics), the report rate is inevitably lower due to the nature of the Korean Federation of Trade Unions (KCTU), which has more unit unions (company unions) than the KCTU, which has many industrial unions. It seems that encouraging people to report it (results) had a big impact,” he said.
As of last year, the number of unions in the Korea Federation of Trade Unions stood at 2,506, compared to 374 in the KCTU. By organizational type, the number of union members belonging to the initial enterprise unit such as the industrial union (1,695,153) was higher than that of the union by company (1,09,480). In other words, the Korean Federation of Trade Unions explains that the structure is inevitably lower than that of the KCTU because the organizations are scattered across the country. Apart from the union membership reporting rate, the Korea Federation of Trade Unions this year predicted that the gap between the number of union members with the KCTU would be widened further by the end of next year through the integration of the Public Trade Unions and the incorporation of the Civil Service Federation.
The total number of union members, including the two major trade unions and unions without upper level organizations, stood at 2.8 million as of the end of last year, an increase of 265,000 (10.4%) from the previous year (2.54 million). Under the Moon Jae-in administration, the total number of union members exceeded 2 million for the first time at the end of 2017 (2089,000 people) and has been increasing rapidly every year. According to the labor community, the impact of the policy that promoted the conversion of non-regular workers to regular workers in the public sector under the slogan of “a society that respects labor” was largely influenced by the policy. The union organization rate in the public sector soared 6.1 percentage points (p) from 63.2% in 2017 to 69.3% last year, while the private sector organization rate rose only 2.3 percentage points from 9% to 11.3% during the same period.
The union organization rate, which is the proportion of union members among all workers, was only 14.2% at the end of last year. Although it was higher than 11.8% in 2018 and 12.5% in 2019, statistics show that the majority of workers are still in the blind spot for protection of labor rights. When looking at the union organization rate by workplace size, workplaces with 300 or more workers accounted for 49.2%, but workplaces with 100 to 299 workers accounted for 10.6%, workplaces with 30 to 99 workers 2.9%, and workplaces with fewer than 30 workers only 0.2%. The fact that labor unions are focused on some large companies is considered to be the root cause of the extreme dual structure of the labor market (polarization).
Sejong = Reporter Chaesuk Moon [email protected]
Source: 아시아경제신문 실시간 속보 by www.asiae.co.kr.
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