The kidneys are paired organs and are shaped like beans. They are located retroperitoneal, on either side of the spine. In adults, a kidney weighs about 150 grams, is 12 centimeters long, 6-7 centimeters wide, and 3 centimeters thick.
The main role of the kidneys
The main role of the kidneys is to filter the blood and produce urine in order to eliminate toxic substances and excess fluids from the body. Every day, the kidneys filter about 200 liters of blood and produce about 2 liters of urine.
At the same time, another role of the kidneys is to produce hormones that help maintain an optimal level of blood pressure and the production of red blood cells, but also to maintain bone health.
Another role is to eliminate the products of catabolism – the metabolic process by which the complex molecules of certain energy substances, such as lipids, proteins and carbohydrates, are transformed into simpler ones, and subsequently eliminated, in order to produce energy.
What happens to the kidneys when they are affected?
When the kidneys are affected for various reasons, they no longer have the ability to maintain a balance between salts, minerals, calcium and blood water.
Kidney pain is the first sign that something is wrong, which is why it is important to identify the cause in order to receive proper treatment.
Because there are muscles, bones and other organs in the kidney area, it can sometimes be difficult to tell the difference between kidney and back pain or if there is another cause that has led to pain.
But the type and location of the pain, as well as other associated symptoms, can help diagnose kidney pain correctly.
Dr. Andrei Laslu, on his blog, draws our attention to some symptom through which our body loads to transmit to us some kidney problems.
Due to the fact that the kidneys are no longer functioning properly, the face and legs will start to swell. This happens when the kidneys do not eliminate excess fluid from the body.
Changes in urination
The signs that appear at the beginning are the following:
- feeling of pressure during urination
- Darker urine, black, less common and in smaller quantities
- Pale color of urine, much more common and in larger quantities
- Urine pala
- The need to urinate at night
Multiple skin irritations and itchy skin are usually signs of kidney problems. These are caused by waste and toxins that remain in the blood and make the skin look unhealthy, dry and irritated. Cosmetics cannot help you in this situation because the problem is inside. All I can do is temporarily improve my skin condition.
When the kidneys are healthy and functioning properly, they produce erythopoietin, a hormone that induces the production of several red blood cells, which are responsible for transporting oxygen in the body. If there are not enough red blood cells, anemia occurs, and one of its signs is a state of general fatigue, but especially in the brain and muscles.
Shortness of breath
Shortness of breath is a symptom generally associated with kidney dysfunction. When the body is not properly oxygenated due to the fact that there are not enough red blood cells responsible for oxygenation, toxins accumulate in the lungs and breathing problems occur.
Metallic taste in the mouth
When toxins and waste accumulate in the blood, the taste of food changes and breathing will be foul-smelling. Appetite is also affected, especially for some foods.
It is a pain especially in the upper back, ie exactly the area where the kidneys are located. The pain can also be caused by the formation of kidney stones.
Concentration and dizziness problems
Anemia is caused by poor oxygenation of the brain which can be a sign of kidney problems. Concentration will be affected, you will start to have memory problems and you will feel dizzy. To prevent kidney problems, try to have a diet based on healthy foods rich in antioxidants to help them function and process better.
Source: Doctorul Zilei by www.doctorulzilei.ro.
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