Jobs, the number of contracts doubled in 10 years but wages are stagnant

In ten years, the number of public and private sector contracts has almost doubled. Those in force filed with Cnel at the end of 2021 have in fact gone from 551 in 2012 to 992 in 2021 (+441), thus recording an 80% growth. The total number of public and private employees (excluding agricultural and domestic workers) covered by a contract is equal to 16.6 million, to which must be added 251 thousand public workers to whom legal regulations are directly applied. This is what a research by CGIL and the Di Vittorio foundation reveals.

Despite extensive contractual coverage, however, compared to other European countries such as Germany and France, Italy distinguishes itself from a stagnation in real wages, the main causes of which can be found in the structural weaknesses of the economy. These determine a greater incidence of the lowest qualifications, a high share of involuntary part time and precariousness, as well as a widespread and consistent underground economy supported also by irregular work.

The contracts already expired are 662 equal to 62.7% while 370 are in force (37.3%). 246 contracts were signed by the categories of CGIL, CISL and UIL, equal to 24.8%. Instead 746 contracts, equal to 75.2%, were signed only by other trade unions. «Italy is among the European countries with high contractual coverage – says the president of the foundation Fulvio Fammoni – already today higher than what the European directive under discussion indicates as a goal for the future. However, this proliferation has nothing to do with either an expansion of contractual coverage, affecting a very low number of people, or with better working conditions. Instead, it responds to other mechanisms including the fragmentation and breakdown of the employer representation system “.

The study shows that there are contracts that concern a few companies; others with a territorial dimension only; others still expired for more than ten years or which concern a very low number of workers compared to the sector to which they belong. In the private sector, the first 33 contracts signed by CGIL, CISL and UIL cover 82% of workers. “Most of the problems would be overcome by the definition of a law on representation,” Fammoni underlines.

Private workers, excluding agricultural and domestic workers, who in 2021 are covered by a national contract are on average 13,643,659 (434 contracts involve 12,914,115 employees to which the 729,544 workers for whom it is not possible to determine the contract applied is added). The total number of employees in the public administration (permanent, temporary, job training, administration and socially useful) amounts to 3,354,567. Of these, 2,776,508 are under contract and 578,059 are under public law.

Source: RSS Economia by

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