Suara.com – Of the 100 cities most vulnerable to the effects of the climate crisis in the world, only one is not in Asia. The capital city of Jakarta, which is smothered by pollution and regularly experiences floods or heat waves, ranks at the top.
A list compiled by business analyst, Verisk Maplecroft, reveals the unpreparedness of Asian cities for the impacts of the climate crisis.
Apart from Jakarta, which ranks first, a fifth of the cities on the gloomy list are in India or China.
Worldwide, more than 400 large cities with a population of about 1.5 billion people face “high or extreme risk” following a combination of pollution, reduced water availability, heat waves, natural disasters or extreme weather.
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Jakarta is classified as the most vulnerable due to a combination of various problems, such as land subsidence and the lack of supporting infrastructure.
It is currently estimated that around 40% of the capital city area is below sea level. Cities in India account for 13 of the 20 extreme risk cities.
The capital city of New Delhi, for example, is second out of 576 cities. These cities, “are home to half the world’s population and motors of prosperity, but even today they are already beset by poor air quality, water scarcity and natural disasters,” wrote Will Nichols, who led the research.
Chinese is easier
“In many Asian countries, these cities are becoming increasingly inhospitable to life, as population pressures increase and other problems exacerbated by the climate crisis, such as pollution, extreme weather, threaten the ability of cities to become the engine of the national economy.”
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A similar phenomenon is mushrooming in China. Of the 50 cities worst hit by water pollution, 35 are in China.
While on the list of 15 cities experiencing water scarcity, 13 of them are cities in China. But at least in China, “the rise of a middle class that increasingly demands clean air quality is being followed in government programs,” Nichols said.
This also includes mitigation measures to deal with the climate crisis.
“China’s strict governance structure allows the government to take dramatic steps such as closing factories to meet emissions targets. This gives them the opportunity to mitigate those risks,” he added.
An index of cities most vulnerable to the effects of the climate crisis is created using a number of environmental and quality of life indicators, including investment potential, assets and property, and local government capacity. rzn/gtp (afp,rtr)
Source: Suara.com – Informasi Berita Terkini dan Terbaru Hari Ini by www.suara.com.
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