When thinking about skin cancer, many people automatically think of melanoma, although there are many more types of skin tumors than that.
Dr. A.S. Borbola Kingadermatologist and clinical oncologist at the Mole Screening Center, drew attention to the fact that there are often no obvious signs of malignancy, which is why everyone is recommended to have a mole screen once a year.
In the summer, birthmarks can darken and multiply
Moles are mostly innocent skin formations that are created when several melanocytes gather at a certain point in the skin and are connected to the surrounding tissues. Their color, shape, and size can be very diverse, which is why it is important to take part in regular birthmark checks. – since it is often almost impossible for a layman to distinguish a benign mole from a malignant skin cancer.
We usually recommend that at this time, when the summer is over, it is worth timing the mole screening for the low-light months, because the pigmented parts of the skin (for example, moles) can change under the influence of light, they are actually activated. Therefore, when someone comes back from vacation, they can easily be scared that the moles on tanner skin have darkened and their number may have increased, especially for those who already had many moles. Even later, the same reactions take place in the pigmented areas as in other areas of the skin, i.e., as the tan wears off, the birthmarks may also lighten. In this way, we can create a more realistic picture of skin formulas in the autumn and winter months explains Dr. Borbola.
Not only noticeable changes should be checked
Many still have the misconception that skin cancer is the same as melanoma, which always attracts attention with very striking changes. Although many types of skin cancer are known besides melanoma, including squamous cell carcinoma, basalioma and some rarer types.
Basal cell carcinoma is typically the skin cancer that is mostly inconspicuous and can appear as an insignificant skin change to the layman, which is often seen as a minor, difficult-to-heal wound. It is also not possible to notice significant changes in melanoma and squamous cell carcinoma of individual stages, since the smallest changes are often not even visible to the naked eye. This is also why we use a dermatoscope during the mole screening, and record the condition of each mole in photographic documentation, so that any changes can be more easily monitored at the next screening. explains Dr. Borbola Kinga, dermatologist at the Mole Screening Center, clinical oncologist. – It is particularly useful in checking a full body map birthmark screening, which provides professional help for comparison and tracking changes. This screening should be included in the annual screenings even if we have no new birthmarks and no changes are detected in the existing ones. In the case of changes or suspicious signs, they must be checked as soon as possible!
What are the signs that you should definitely consult a dermatologist?
- The color of the mole changes, becomes uneven, brown, black, red, white, blue, gray and pink can be mixed in it.
- The birthmark starts to spread and grow, its borders change.
- The existing birthmark becomes asymmetrical, or a new, asymmetrical birthmark appears.
- A change appears on the surface of the birthmark, it may thicken or protrude from the skin.
- Corrosion, ulceration, itching or bleeding occur.
- It is also worth showing the new skin formulas to the dermatologist every year.
Mole or skin cancer? Dermatological screening is important
Source: Napidoktor by napidoktor.hu.
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