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To weigh the slowness in the development of renewable sources and a national climate policy unfortunately still inadequate. In fact, the current National Integrated Energy and Climate Plan (PNIEC) allows a cut in emissions by 2030 of just 37% compared to 1990. The Peninsula thus moves to 30th place in the ranking of climatic performance drawn up by Germanwatch international report, created in collaboration with Legambiente for Italy, and which takes into consideration the climate performance of 60 countries, plus the European Union, which together represent 92% of global emissions. And so for our Peninsula, which since last summer has collected awards, praise and medals in various fields and sectors, comes the first “cold shower”.
The Scandinavian countries do better than us: Denmark, Sweden and Norway are positioned from fourth to sixth place, thanks above all to their great commitment to the development of renewables. However, it should be remembered that once again the first three positions in the ranking were not attributed this year, as none of the countries achieved the performance necessary for
At the bottom of the ranking we find, however, exporting countries and users of fossil fuels such as Saudi Arabia, Canada, Australia and Russia. Climate performance is measured through the Climate Change Performance Index (CCPI), taking as a benchmark the objectives of the Paris Agreement and the commitments undertaken by 2030. The CCPI is based for 40% on the trend of emissions, for 20% on the development of both renewables and energy efficiency and for the remaining 20% on climate policy.
The slippage of Italy to 30th place is worrying news that arrives in the second key week of the Cop26 in Glasgow. To contain global warming within the critical threshold of 1.5 ° C, the years between now and 2030 will be crucial, as we have repeated in recent days by participating at youth demonstrations organized in the Scottish city.
Our country must have the courage to focus on more ambitious environmental policies by putting in place concrete and immediate actions starting from the next budget law, to begin to reduce subsidies to fossil fuels in a radical and courageous way, and to approve those simplifications still missing, at the same time as the strengthening of public controls to prevent criminal and eco-crime infiltrations on construction sites. We also need more energy communities, wind farms, circular economy, electric mobility, production cycles that no longer consume fossil fuels.
The other action that must be done concerns the updating of the PNIEC to ensure a reduction of our climate-altering emissions, in line with the 1.5 ° C target, of at least 65% by 2030. Therefore, going well beyond the target of 51% foreseen by the PNRR and confirming the phase-out of coal by 2025 without resorting to new gas plants.
Furthermore, let us not forget that our country has 70 billion available, allocated by the PNRR for the ecological transition, to invest to overcome the pandemic crisis and tackle the climate emergency, through a green recovery based on ambitious climate action, able to bridge the delays of the PNIEC and accelerate the decarbonisation of the Italian economy in line with the 1.5 ° C target of the Paris Agreement. Only in this way can Italy be a protagonist in Europe in the common commitment to tackle the climate emergency.
Source: Huffington Post Italy Athena2 by www.huffingtonpost.it.
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