It pinches suddenly, but the disease develops earlier

Sciatica is not a medical diagnosis per se, but is usually a symptom resulting from some medical condition.

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Because sciatica is actually a symptom, doctors must first find out what causes it, and only then can they determine the appropriate treatment.

The term sciatica describes a set of symptoms in the leg, such as tingling, weakness, loss of sensation in the leg. The pain originates from the lower back and spreads across the buttocks down the leg. Sciatica rarely occurs before the age of 20, but becomes more common in middle age. We most often deal with it from the 40s to the 50s. Some research estimates that up to 43 percent of people have sciatica at least once in their lifetime. It is not usually the result of a sudden injury, but develops over time.

Pain and other signs

Sciatica pain can sometimes be mild and less bothersome, and other times stronger, persistent, and extremely bothersome. Symptoms usually depend on where the nerve is pinched. Sciatica can occur in various forms, for example: constant pain on one side of the buttocks or in the leg (rarely in both legs); the pain may worsen when we sit down; we often feel a burning sensation, tingling or burning pain in the leg (pain that is the opposite of dull pain); weakness, loss of sensation or difficulty moving the foot, foot or toes occur; sharp pain sometimes makes it difficult to stand or walk; pain radiating down the leg and often also to the foot and toes (rarely occurs only in the feet).

Causes of problems

The sciatic nerve is the longest nerve in the body and is made up of individual nerve roots. These nerves join at the end of the spinal canal into a single nerve that runs down the leg. Symptoms of sciatica occur when a nerve is irritated or compressed somewhere near its source. The most common causes of sciatica are lumbar disc herniation, degenerative disc disease, spondylolisthesis, or spinal stenosis.

How to help yourself

In most cases, in people who are dealing with sciatica, the pain subsides within a few weeks or months. Painkillers can help, but regular daily physical activity is crucial. The spine needs movement, and we need to strengthen and stretch it. With regular exercise, we can eliminate this kind of radiant pain and even existing damage to the spine. A visit to a physiotherapist can also help; he may prescribe you appropriate exercises that are good to perform, or perform some pain therapy that speeds up blood circulation and reduces pain. In more serious cases, however, you should visit a personal physician who can advise you on how to reduce the pain, or refer you to a specialist if he or she thinks it is something more serious.

When the doctor suggests surgery

Some accompanying symptoms require immediate consultation with a physician and possibly prompt surgical intervention. These are symptoms of progressive neurological disease or problems with bladder and bowel movements. Infection or spinal tumor can also cause sciatica. Because sciatica is actually a symptom, doctors must first find out what causes it, and only then can they determine the appropriate treatment. Treatment is often focused on self-medication and is non-surgical, but in severe, persistent pain, doctors sometimes opt for surgery. However, these are mostly problems that can be eliminated with more movement, so sign up for physical activity and exercise, strengthen and stretch your body regularly.


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