Recent research suggests that polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) increases the risk of mental problems, including anxiety, depression, and eating disorders. Dr. Hubina Erika, an endocrinologist at Oxygen Medical, spoke about the connections and the possibilities for help.
It affects many
It is estimated that nearly 5 million women of childbearing age are affected by PCOS in the United States and is one of the leading causes of infertility in Hungary. Although the term polycystic ovary syndrome refers to ovarian disease, there are a number of other abnormalities behind it, so the symptoms are also diverse. THE cysts other than irregular or absent ovulation and menstruation may appear in the ovaries, cause acne on the skin, increase blood insulin levels, increase hair on the face and body, hair loss, masculine baldness, obesity, and even more recently, it has increased the risk of cardiovascular disease.
Women and their children are also at risk
Swedish researchers recently published their study on PCOS in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, in which they discovered links between PCOS, mental problems and hormonal effects on the fetus between.
It has already been proven that children of mothers with PCOS are themselves more prone to this disease. Of course, the problem itself can be produced by girls, but boy offspring will also have a better chance of obesity and diabetes, which are also complications of PCOS. In addition, Swedish experts say 50 percent of affected women and their children also have at least one mental problem, such as anxiety, depression, or an eating disorder.
The researchers say the reason fetuses of mothers with PCOS encounter more male hormones in the uterus and testosterone affects the areas of the brain that are responsible for emotions. Although experiments have so far only demonstrated this theorem in mice and rats, further research is aimed at understanding why children of women with PCOS may also produce a higher rate of mental complaints.
From diagnosis to therapy
Both endocrinological and gynecological examinations are required to make an accurate diagnosis. Depending on the nature of the symptoms, hair growth, hair loss, abdominal circumference, blood pressure, lipid levels, and carbohydrate metabolism, among others, can be examined. It is also necessary to measure hormone levels at different times to find out the exact causes of the disease.
Once the diagnosis is made, treatment can begin, the main purpose of which is to normalization of hormone levels. The choice of therapeutic mode is determined by the complaints and symptoms. It is possible that the current treatment will be followed by years of care, during which the therapy may change. In addition to medication, proper lifestyle is especially important for PCOS. Regular exercise and a healthy diet will help you achieve optimal insulin levels, which can lead to an improvement in androgenic symptoms, cessation of infertility, and a reduction in the risk of metabolic syndrome and diabetes.