Iran’s policy towards Afghanistan and the Taliban has brought conservatives and reformists against

Relations between Iran and the Taliban in Afghanistan have generally followed a poor course since the Taliban killed 8 diplomats and 9 Iranians at the Iranian consulate in Mazar-erif in northern Afghanistan in 1998.

After the Taliban’s attack on Iranian diplomats in Mazar-erif, Iran took the risk of a military operation against the Taliban, which dominates the country, and deployed military forces on the Afghan border. It brought a war mom, who is likely to be unwilling to engage in a direct war with the Taliban, as some top officials, such as the then President Mohammad Khatami.

After this incident, Iran was defined as an ideological enemy of the Taliban and a “terrg organization” and although I did not establish relations for many years, the changing conjuncture and the developments in the field caused Iran to go to a serious change in the Taliban policy. After the US invasion of Afghanistan in 2001 and the emergence of the terrorist organization DEA, Tehran started limited cooperation with the Taliban.

Knowing that the Taliban would dominate the country after the USA announced that it would withdraw from Afghanistan, he started to revise his policies towards this country and the Taliban, bearing in mind the new picture that took shape in Afghanistan.

In July, Tehran hosted a series of talks between the Afghan government and representatives of the Taliban and Afghans to discuss the future of Afghanistan after US troops began to withdraw and the Taliban began to take over most of the country.

While the Iranian administration considers that the biggest security risk originating from Afghanistan is the instability that may arise in the country after the USA, this gives priority to establishing an environment of stability in the country that will be under its control. In this direction, Tehran is taking an approach to establish good relations with the Taliban, who are taking over the administration in the country.

Re-establishing ties with the Taliban will present several challenges for Iran. In Iran, however, the question of how to maintain relations with the Taliban is hotly debated. Conservatives in Iran, while defending relations with the Taliban, actually want to align the country with countries opposite the United States. Currently, as China and Russia seek to strengthen ties with the Taliban, Tehran’s rapprochement strategy with the Taliban matches the conservatives’ long-standing general foreign and regional policy.

Reformists in Iran, contrary to the country’s government dominated by conservatives, support the struggle against the Taliban and the resistance groups led by Ahmed Massoud in Penjir. Some reformists want Iran to actively support the resistance groups fighting the Taliban in Pencir, just as it sent troops to Syria to “fight against terrorism.”

Parallel to the approach of the Iranian administration, state television and media organs that are known to be close to the Revolutionary Guards Army and broadcast in a conservative line are broadcasting news that the Taliban has changed over the years and that there is no threat to Iran.

Conservative-controlled state-owned media outlets described the Taliban’s domination of the country as a “victory against the United States”, but did not bring up the struggle of the groups in Penjir against the Taliban much.

Cumhuri-yi Islami, one of the country’s oldest newspapers, criticized the Iranian administration and conservatives for not taking the dimensions of the Taliban’s dominance in Afghanistan seriously.

“The people of Afghanistan and the neighbors of this country must be ready for difficult days as the Taliban once again seizes political power in Afghanistan,” the newspaper’s article said. assessment was made.

Cumhuri-yi Islamic newspaper also argued that anyone who accepts that the Taliban will have a place in the administration of Afghanistan will “share the responsibility of the Taliban’s waters”.


The sharpest distinction regarding Iran’s approach to the developments in Afghanistan, which caused sharp debates between the conservatives in charge of the country and the reformists in the opposition, was the article published on September 9 in the Keyhan newspaper, which is known to be close to Iranian leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei.

In the article written by the editor-in-chief of the newspaper, Hseyin Eriatmedari, the reformists who wanted to fight against the Taliban were described as “the West is a wrong group”.

In his article, which used sarcastic language against reformists, eriatmadari said, “Those who claim reform should apply under the name of the Reform Brigade to be sent to this country to fight in Pencir or anywhere in Afghanistan.” made his statement.

Noting that the reformists always oppose the policies of the state, eriatmedari also watered the reformists by acting with the USA.

Parliamentary National Security and Foreign Policy Committee Minister Mcteba Znnur, in a speech in which he supported the article of eriatmedari, announced that they are ready to remove all existing barriers so that reformists who want to fight against the Taliban in Afghanistan can be sent to this country.

Ali Rza Selimi, Member of the Council of the Ministry of the Assembly, also targeted the leaders of the reformists in an interview he gave to a local media organization, “We recommend the leaders of this current, such as Mr. Taczade, Heccariyan, Hatemi and Kevakabiyan, to wear military uniforms and go to Afghanistan to fight.” said.


Mustafa Kevakabiyan, one of the leading figures of the reformists who responded to the conservatives’ irrigation, and the leader of the Merdomsalari (Democracy) Party, in his message shared on social media, “Mr. eriatmedari, Ahmed Masud, who wanted the reformists to be sent to Pencir, asked for diplomatic support, not military support, and you refused it. Fight against the terror, Afghanistan. Should it be different in Syria, different in Syria?” used the expressions

Mohammed Ali Ebtahi, whose reformist policy is reformist, also said that conservatives support the Taliban and the Taliban are against the Velayet-e Faqih system in Iran, saying, “We should not go to war to defend Ahmed Massoud and Penjir. The war is only for the defense of the country’s lands, but they are alone.” We shouldn’t leave either. Afghanistan doesn’t want war, it wants support.” made its assessment.


Meanwhile, more than 500 political and civil activists, including former lawmakers and arts, wrote a letter of support to Ahmad Massoud, the leader of the resistance forces fighting the Taliban in Afghanistan’s Panjir province.

In the letter published on the “zeitoons” news site, which is close to the reformists, it was mentioned about the struggle of the forces led by Massoud against the Taliban.

In the letter of the activists, who wished a condolence to Masud over the death of Fehim Deti, spokesperson of the resistance groups in Pencir, “Whatever the short-term and temporary results, your struggle has created a wave of hope and morale in the hearts of the Afghan people and the peoples of the region who are defenders of freedom and justice.” statement was included.

In another part of the letter, it was emphasized that the intervention of the USA caused disaster in Afghanistan and that advocating the principle of national independence, republicanism and democracy instead of tribalism was the only way to solve the problems in the country.

Finally, the leader of the reformists and former President Mohammad Khatami was included in the debate between reformists and conservatives.

In a written statement he made yesterday, Khatami argued that his country should take a stand against the Taliban and said, “With the resistance of Afghanistan and Pencir, we must be the rising voice of the Afghan people.” used the phrase

Pointing to the Iranian administration’s recommendation to the Taliban to form an inclusive government, Khatami criticized the unreasonable expectation of an important change and approach from the Taliban.

Source: STAR.COM.TR by

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