The red quamoclite ipomée is a perennial climber, but not very hardy, it is most often cultivated as an annual plant in Europe, because it is not very hardy. However, it naturalizes easily in the garden where the climate is mild.
Scientific N. Ipomoea quamoclit
Synonyms Convolvulus pennatifolius, Convolvulus pennatus, Convolvulus quamoclit, Quamoclit pennata, Quamoclit vulgaris
Origin Central America, naturalize elsewhere
Flowering july october
Flowers bright red
Vegetationgrow as an annual
Foliage not applicable, annual plant
Plant and cultivate
Hardiness not hardy, up to 1 C
Exposition sunny partial shade
Acidity neutral acid ph
Humidity normal fresh
usehedge, fence, pergola, massive
Ipomoea quamoclit, the hipoma to leaf of cypress or Ipomée quamoclite is a plant lively voluble belonging to the family of Convolvulaceae. It is native to Central America, present in mild and rainy regions of Mexico and Costa Rica.
This climbing plant is perennial, but little rustic, so it is very attractive for hummingbirds and the butterflies, is found cultivated most often as an annual plant in Europe. However, it naturalizes easily in the garden where the climate is mild.
Description of quamoclite ipomea
Ipomoea quamoclit is a very pretty climbing plant 1 to 3 m high. Twirling, its stems wrap around a support. It bears alternate leaves, so cut that they resemble feathers. The flowers appear in the axils of these leaves from July. The flowers are tubular: its 5 petals are welded into a narrow tube 4 cm long, suddenly spread out in a corolla 2 cm wide, scarlet. Sometimes there are forms where the flowers are white or pink. These flowers are very rich in nectar and are attractive to insects. They turn into small round fruits opening in three on the seeds after a rather long maturation.
Another Red Ipomea can be easily confused with Ipomée quamoclit, this is Ipomoea coccinea or Quamoclit coccinea :
To fleur is quite similar, although often with a slightly yellower throat, but its foliage is different: the leaves are much less indented, full with a few ivy-pointed lobes. More vigorous, this species reseeds abundantly, considered as invasive in mild climates. It is present in the south of France.
Ipomoea x multifida, is a hybrid Come in Ipomoea quamoclit and Ipomoea sloteri. Its leaves are at the same time palmate and very finely cut.
How to cultivate Ipomoea quamoclit ?
The cypress leaf ipomea is cultivated as an annual in France, because she is frost. It also requires a long, hot and watered season so that its seeds have time to ripen. However in Mediterranean climate, if she finds a ground sufficiently cool all year round, its seeds overwinter on the ground and germinate in the spring.
As soon as the climate is colder and the spring is later, the sowing of the quamoclite ipomea should be hasty warm, from the end of January to March. The seeds of ipomeas are leathery. These seeds will be soaked in lukewarm water for 48 hours, until they swell, then possibly lightly rubbed on sandpaper.
They are then driven 2 to 3 cm into seedling pots filled with potting soil, at the rate of 3 seeds per 10 cm pot, for example. The earth must never dry out (cover or bag).
At 20 ° C the seeds may need up to 3 months to germinate. As soon as the cotyledons are well developed and the first leaves develop, the small ipomeas are installed in a larger pot without disturbing their roots or dividing them.
When it no longer freezes, they are installed in the ground, in exposition sunny to partial shade, with a regularly watered land. They will then show rapid development. The branches can be fleshed out by pinching the stem after the 3rd nodes, then after the 6th.
If the season is long enough for the seeds to mature, consider harvesting seeds for the following year.
Ipomoea coccinea is cultivated in the same way.
Species and varieties of Ipomoea
300 species in this genus, mostly climbers.
Other known species:
- Ipomoea lobata, the Indian feather,
- Ipomoea batatas, sweet potato
- Ipomoea sloteri, very similar
Source: Au Jardin, conseils en jardinage by www.aujardin.info.
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