This is not the first time that the performance of the Aurora supercomputer has been increased, after all, this system was originally prepared for the American Argonne National Laboratory as early as 2018, when it was to offer the performance of 180 PetaFLOPS. However, it was later announced that the system would not be ready until 2021, but its performance would reach 1 ExaFLOPS, thus beginning the so-called exascale era.
However, AMD has joined in and announced this year’s 1.5 ExaFLOPS Superier supercomputer, which will probably be completed on time and the El Capitan system with 2 ExaFLOPS is set up, so it is clear that Aurora will not be the first or most powerful in the new era. . Respectively, it was obvious, but we are learning that its performance is changing again and it is about 2 ExaFLOPS.
In addition, Intel plans to make Aurora the first system with such performance, or as such, it should arrive before El Capitan in 2023. We are talking here, of course, the performance in Double Precision, or FP64 (Rpeak), in which supercomputer performance is usually reported.
And how does Intel want to ensure that at all? It is said that this will also be possible thanks to the higher performance of the Ponte Vecchio accelerators than expected, which was confirmed by Pat Gelsinger. But will it be such that it ensures twice the performance of the whole system? We learn that thanks to the TSMC N5 process used, the powerful GPU component will have higher clocks as well as a higher number of active EU units per tile, as well as a higher number of accelerators themselves, which will be used throughout parts of the system.
In addition to the Ponte Vecchio, Aurora should also rely on Sapphire Rapids’ generation Xeon server processors, but GPU accelerators in particular provide the performance needed. And the Ponte Vecchio itself will first be deployed in Aurora, but will later be available for various HPC systems.
And what about the zettascale era? Of course, it is still many years in the future, but Intel believes that it can bring it closer long before it takes the transition from petascale to exascale, or 12 years. He wants to have hardware for computers with performance in ZettaFLOPS already in 2027, but we will not know how he intends to increase the performance of the HPC system by a thousandfold in about five or six years.
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Source: Svět hardware by www.svethardware.cz.
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