Suara.com – Cigarettes are still the main consumption of Indonesian people in 2021. Based on data from the Central Statistics Agency (BPS), the average per capita expenditure in Indonesia for tobacco and betel nut reaches Rp. 76,583 per month in 2021 and a year it reaches Rp. 918,996.
Per capita expenditure on cigarettes is in the second highest position in the foodstuff category. Its position is only under food, so the per capita expenditure of Rp. 197,682 per month or a year reaches Rp. 2,372 million.
Meanwhile, based on the survey results Global Adult Tobacco Survey (GATS) 2021 which was released by the Ministry of Health (Kemenkes) in June 2022, over the last 10 years there has been an increase in the number of adult smokers by 8.8 million people. In 2011, the number of smokers was around 60.3 million people, then it will increase to 69.1 million people in 2021.
Based on these data, it can be said that the cigarette expenditure of the Indonesian people, which is 69.1 million smokers, reaches Rp. 64 trillion per year.
In response to these findings, Director Centre of Youth and Population Research (CYPR) Dedek Prayudi explained that the government’s failure to reduce the prevalence of smoking was because they were still hesitant to support the use of alternative tobacco products.
In fact, according to him, the product has implemented the concept of reducing harm so that it has a much lower risk than cigarettes, as has been proven in various scientific studies from within and outside the country.
“If alternative tobacco products can be regulated properly and appropriately, then this product can be an additional solution to overcome the prevalence of smoking. Unfortunately, however, the Indonesian government has not planned or formulated regulations for alternative tobacco products specifically,” he said in Jakarta, Tuesday (4/04). 10/2022).
The Indonesian government, continued Dedek, should be able to follow the steps of the UK, New Zealand, and Japan which have succeeded in reducing the prevalence of smoking thanks to the use of alternative tobacco products.
In fact, these countries have regulated the use of these products. In addition to its effectiveness in reducing the number of smokers, the government also needs to separate regulations between alternative tobacco products and cigarettes.
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Public Policy Observer from Gadjah Mada University (UGM) Satria Aji Imawan added that by regulating the use of these products, the government could provide options for adult smokers who have difficulty quitting smoking by switching to alternative tobacco products that are lower in risk.
Source: Suara.com – Berita Terbaru Bisnis, Ekonomi, Investasi Indonesia by www.suara.com.
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