Despite the financial crises hitting Egypt, and the public budget deficit, as a result of being deprived of fees and taxes, excluding the army, the interior and intelligence companies under the Sisi regime, which in turn accounts for more than 60% of Egypt’s economy, and due to the aggravation of the volume of debts and their benefits internally and externally, which swallow more than 89% of the Egyptian gross national product, and other major economic and financial crises facing Egypt’s economy, and despite the financial bonuses and exceptional increases enjoyed by the army, police and intelligence services that reached more than 9 times during the era of foolish Sisi, the new general budget figures discussed by Parliament The coup after the Eid al-Fitr holiday revealed a clear bias on the part of the Sisi regime to the army, the Ministry of the Interior, the intelligence and other sovereign agencies, which revel in Sisi’s blessings, grants and daily gifts.
The coup government allocated about 8 billion pounds in the draft budget for the fiscal year 2022-2023 to finance the increase in wages for workers in the military institution (the army), military and public intelligence, and other national security agencies, out of 8 billion and 913 million pounds it added to the appropriations of the “other expenses” section. in the new state budget.
The government raised the appropriations for the “other expenses” section from 113 billion and 787 million pounds in the 2021-2022 budget to 122 billion and 700 billion pounds in the new fiscal year, and for the entities and bodies whose budgets include a “single number” for approval in one sentence, without any discussion. Detailed of those financial appropriations within the House of Representatives, and according to budget figures, the military has acquired approximately 5 billion pounds from the additional increase in wages, compared to 3 billion pounds to finance the salary increase in the Military and General Intelligence Services, the National Defense Council, the National Security Council and the Supreme Constitutional Court, In addition to the House of Representatives, the Senate and the Central Auditing Organization.
The coup government also raised the financial allocations to the public order sector and public safety affairs by more than 7 billion pounds, which includes police services, prisons, the Ministries of Interior and Justice, judicial bodies, and the Ifta House, indicating that the appropriations for this section jumped from 56 billion and 486 million pounds in The 2016-2017 budget will be 88 billion and 117 million pounds in the 2021-2022 budget.
About 131 billion pounds were allocated to the budget of the Ministry of Education, with an estimated increase of 14 billion pounds, despite its demands by the Ministries of Finance, Planning and Economic Development to allocate 162 billion and 350 million pounds in the 2022-2023 budget, so that the ministry can move forward with the plan to build and rehabilitate schools. in many provinces.
According to sources in the Military Parliament’s Plan and Budget Committee, the additional appropriations for the Ministry of Education in the new budget are intended to finance the annual increase in the salaries of workers in the ministry, ignoring its demands regarding the allocation of 13 billion and 789 million pounds to complete school development projects, in addition to another 4 billion to appoint temporary workers in Bodies and centers affiliated with the Ministry.
Reducing the education budget is in violation of the constitution, especially Articles 18, 19, 21 and 23 of the constitution at the expense of education and health allocations for the seventh fiscal year in a row, which obligated the state to allocate a percentage of government spending not less than 3% of the national product to the health sector, and 4% to education before university, 2% for higher education, and 1% for scientific research.
Government manipulation of the budgets of health, education and scientific research
A few days ago, a member of the coup parliament for the “Egyptian Democratic Party”, Farid El-Bayadi, criticized the coup government in the voting session on the final accounts of the budgets of the past fiscal year (2020-2021), saying, “The government is manipulating budget numbers related to the health, education and scientific research sectors, until Parliament illusion that it is It adheres to the percentages allocated for spending on it in the articles of the constitution.”
Al-Bayadi explained that “the government carries the budgets of health and education with unrelated items until it achieves the constitutional ratios hoped for on the papers only, such as calculating the budgets of hospitals affiliated with the army, the police, and endowments within the budget of the Ministry of Health and Population once, and again within the budgets of the ministries of defense, interior and endowments, in addition to the inclusion of The budgets of Al-Azhar institutes are included in the budget of the Ministry of Education, unlike the two ministries’ burden of paying interest on debts as part of their budget items.
He added, “The actual spending on health, education or scientific research in Egypt is much less than the numbers allocated to it in the state’s general budget, and we do not expect the current government to change its policies, and therefore all we ask is that it rationalize its spending, and postpone all non-urgent spending items. In turn, it focuses on the productive economy, and invests in sectors such as health and education.
Debt swallows up the budget
The overall picture of the draft budget for the year 2022-2023 showed an increase in the allocations for the repayment of domestic and foreign loans from 593 billion pounds to 965 billion and 488 million pounds, an estimated increase of 372 billion and 488 million pounds in just one year, with an increase in the allocations for debt interests from 579 billion and 900 million EGP 690 billion and 100 million, representing 34.4% of government spending and 45.5% of state revenues in the fiscal year.
About a week ago, the Central Bank announced that the country’s external debt had risen to 145 billion and 529 million dollars at the end of December 2021, compared to 137 billion and 420 million dollars at the end of September of the same year, an estimated increase of 8 billion and 109 million dollars in just 3 months, an increase of 5.9 %.
These announced numbers reveal the extent of government restrictions on the civilian sectors that serve civilians, while the state of Sisi and his people from the army, the interior, the judiciary and the intelligence are enjoying the financial increases that are not discussed, but are passed as a single number without discussion in Parliament, which increases the gap between the classes of Egyptian society, where it has become More than 80 million Egyptians are below the poverty line, amid unprecedented economic pressures with the collapse and flotation of the Egyptian pound and the increase in the prices of goods, services, food and medicine, which prompted many to take illegal ways to obtain restaurants and bars, including theft and murder, which exacerbates societal security crises. It makes the Egyptians in trouble while the gentlemen are enjoying the money and the exceptional increases, which confirms that Egypt has become divided into two peoples, the people of Sisi from the men of the army, the interior, the judiciary, intelligence and the sovereign apparatus, and the general Egyptians and their middle class, which has disappeared and everyone is in the shred of deteriorating economic conditions.
Source: بوابة الحرية والعدالة by fj-p.com.
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