In Hannover, at the age of 98, Elizaveta Markovna Yanguzarova (Meerovich) has been living with a large family for over 20 years. She is an active participant in the Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945. As a young 19-year-old girl, she voluntarily went to the front and passed the rank of sergeant with battles on the First Belorussian Front to Belarus, Lithuania, Poland, Germany and was a participant in the capture of Berlin, for which she received three thanks from the Supreme Commander-in-Chief Marshal of the Soviet Union, Comrade Stalin and was awarded a medal ” For the capture of Berlin. “
She has many state awards and an eventful combat and work life.
She is currently writing a long article about this. The entire Meerovich family in the 30s and 40s, like all residents of Ukraine, suffered from hunger and even baseless reprisals. They had joyful and successful events in their lives. It is in vain that the modern government of Ukraine presents this only as the lot of Ukrainians. And now, on the International Day of Remembrance for the Victims of the Holocaust, she wants to tell about the tragic death of her close relatives who died in the fire of this madness.
17-year-old Liza Meerovich with her older sister Lyuba and niece Mila, when the Nazi troops in Ukraine approached the city of Nikolaev, where they lived with their numerous relatives, were evacuated to the Uzbek city of Tashkent. 70-year-old Drexler Rose, Lisa’s grandmother, remained in Nikolaev. She was born in Nikolaev, got married there and after the death of her husband lived alone. She had five children, two boys – Zyama and Shura and three girls – Feiga, Zina and Betya. They were already adults and had their own children – grandmother’s grandchildren.
Feiga Meerovich, Liza’s mother, worked in Kherson as the head of the personnel department of a garment factory. Father, Meer Izrailevich Meerovich, worked as a mechanic at the plant. He fought as a soldier in the First World War. He came from the front in 1915, seriously wounded and sick with tuberculosis, worked as a mechanic for 12 years, and since he was a member of the VKP (b) party, in 1927 the party organization sent him to Kherson for responsible work in the NKVD. He died at the age of forty in April 1935. Grandmother Rosa Drexler returned to Nikolaev, where her 12 grandchildren lived.
They did not have time and could not be evacuated by such a large family. In addition, they did not believe that Hitler’s troops would capture Poland and Ukraine so quickly. They believed Stalin and the propaganda of 1939 and 1941 about friendship with the Reich. We read in the newspapers about the joint parade of units of the Red Army, the Wehrmacht, the Gestapo and the SS of Germany. All of this was confusing.
All of them, only 17 people, like thousands of other Jews in the city, were forcibly, with blows and mockery, driven out of the city to a huge, pre-dug deep ditch, and they were thrown into it in batches while still alive. Hastily covered with earth. They did not shoot, took care of the cartridges. Witnesses reported that for another week the ground above the burial moved.
In the Meerovich family in August-September 1941, during the Holocaust in Nikolaev, children aged 3-5 years, women and very old people, only 17 people, died. Such barbaric chaos of cruelty and sadism went through millions of Jewish families not only in Ukrainian Nikolaev, but throughout Europe. The mass extermination of Jews in Nikolaev took place even before the fascist bosses at their gathering in Wannsee at the beginning of 1942 launched the creation of the technology of mass murder on an industrial basis in early 1942.
Without the help of the local population and local authorities, the Germans would not have succeeded with such a gigantic act of exterminating innocent people. Ukrainian volunteers, as they were called “herbalists”, were particularly cruel. They took an oath of allegiance to the German Reich, not to Ukraine or the Ukrainian people. Usually, in most extermination camps, there were hundreds of herbalists for a few SS men.
The leader of the Ukrainian rebel army Shukhevych, who on June 30, 1941, staged a massacre of 6,000 Jews and partly Poles in Lvov, served as a “model” for them. In modern Ukraine, he and another similar executioner Bandera were awarded the title of “Hero of Ukraine” by the leaders of Ukraine, after the collapse of the Soviet Union. Squares and streets in many cities of Ukraine are named after them, torchlight processions are organized, similar to the Nazis in Germany during the fascist period.
Unlike the modern Ukrainian authorities, Germany fully admitted her guilt and repented. Here is what German Chancellor Angela Merkel said about this: “… There were Germans who were guilty of the suffering and death of millions of people, or had to reckon with it – as criminals, as accomplices or silent accomplices … Without admitting this guilt before history and humanity, Germany would not have become a legal and democratic state in the center of Europe. “
Ukraine, home to about 1.5 million Jews, to its shame and shame, was not among the rare countries that saved Jews during World War II. For example, in Denmark, the authorities sabotaged the decision of the Gestapo, and the local population massively helped Jews escape to neutral Sweden.
Germany’s ally Bulgaria was obliged to transfer its Jewish population to destruction. Three times the Gestapo drove “death echelons” for Jews to the train station of the capital of Sofia, but the high moral principles of the Orthodox Church and members of Parliament did not allow loading a single Jew into them.
The International Day of Remembrance for the Victims of the Holocaust was established so that people all over the world know, remember and be horrified, not allowing a repetition of this. And this recollection of Elizaveta Markovna serves the same purpose. The participant of the Great Patriotic War is convinced that all Holocaust deniers and open anti-Semites will face the fate of ideologists and perpetrators of the Holocaust, racism and anti-Semitism. But, unfortunately, there are still people with low morals who deny the Holocaust.
Chairman of the Council of Veterans and Siege of Hamburg,
Professor Solomon Zilberberg.
Germany says this:
Germany: how to find out within what limits you can move in your area
Germany: in which lands since January 11, there is a measure of limiting the radius of movement
Germany: the number of deaths is several times higher than in previous years
Financial aid for single parents in Germany regardless of income
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