That military spending, with the Draghi government, would have increased could have been guessed by noting certain clues: the introduction in the National Recovery and Resilience Plan of funding for the Defense and the arms industrial chain, or thehearing by General Luigi Francesco De Leverano, military adviser to the Government, who explained how the Italian war industry, “a dynamic industrial sector with peaks of undisputed excellence”, was experiencing a recession, from which it would be necessary to exit by favoring exports, perhaps with a reform of law 185/1990 which imposes limits and state controls on the arms market. To grasp the government address, perhaps even just the one would have been enough rather explicit statement by Mario Draghi at the press conference: “We must equip ourselves with a more significant defense: it is very clear that we will have to spend much more than we have done so far”.
So it was and so it will be. 2021 was characterized by the record number of rearmament programs presented by the Ministry of Defense and, from the estimates on the budget law, 2022 will be characterized by yet another increase in military spending. But let’s go into detail.
Almost 26 billion in military spending in the 2022 budget
Like every year, theMil € x Observatory analyzed the budget law and, with i due calculations to group or deduct the funds assigned to the various ministries and structures, has estimated military funding for the year that has just begun. The estimates will then be confirmed, in early March, with the forecasts of the individual competent ministries, not only that of Defense, but also Foreign Affairs, Finance, Economic Development, according to the different funds allocated. Those that emerge from the budget law are loans for 25.82 billion euros, with a increase of nearly 850 million compared to the previous year. As any citizen of a State that declares to repudiate war, having witnessed the Army’s support for logistics for the vaccination campaign and in the most dramatic phases of the pandemic, we could be under the illusion that the increase in appropriations is linked to the use of the Armed Forces for civil needs, to support the population in this pandemic period. It is not so: the increase recorded for 2022 insists on the expenditure chapter relating to new armaments, with one billion euros more than in 2021. Appropriations thus reach a record figure of 8.27 billion, an increase of 3.5 billion compared to spending three years ago. But this is not the only money we will spend on weapons.
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Record in 2021 for ministerial rearmament programs
On the basis of the appropriations of previous years, the Minister of Defense approves programs, usually multi-year, for the renewal and modernization of the weapon systems. The ministerial decree is issued after obtaining the opinion of the Parliamentary Defense Committees of both chambers. In 2021, Minister Guerini presented a unheard of number of rearmament programs (46 in all, of which 23 newly started) for a total of 12 billion euros. How can you verify come on parliamentary reports, the decree schemes concern the financing of new war systems, weapons praised for their precision and lethality: they range from the MALE category eurodrones (Medium Altitude Long Endurance) to the development of sixth generation Tempest fighters, passing through anti-aircraft missile batteries, submarines, precision projectiles for self-propelled guns up to the so-called Kamikaze drones, formally “remotely guided ammunition” or “orbiting ammunition” (Loitering Ammunitions), requests “to respond to operational needs immediate [sottolineatura del documento ministeriale]”And the approval of the rearmament projects continues: Tuesday 11 January the Senate Defense Commission will have to express itself on four other draft decrees.
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