In the document, the ILO warns of the need to “achieve universal access to comprehensive, adequate and sustainable social protection” and that this measure should include “nationally defined social protection floors, ensuring that, at least, throughout the cycle all who need access to basic income security and essential health care.”The organization argues that recovery from the crisis caused by covid-19 should be “people-centric” and be “inclusive, sustainable and resilient”. This implies recognizing for all workers “the right to enjoy the highest possible standard of physical and mental health”, including independent and informal workers.
Currently, the ILO estimates that only 47% of the world’s population has access to at least one social support, while 4.1 billion people (53%) still have no access to any social protection. Regional disparities are particularly evident, with Europe and Central Asia being the regions with the best percentage of people benefiting from social protection (84%).
It is in Asia and the Pacific (44%), the Arab countries (40%) and Africa (17.4%) that there are more workers without any social protection.
The ILO also warns of the need to improve access to protection against unemployment, guarantee access to “paid and adequate” sick leave and family care leave (ensuring coverage in case of quarantine and due self-isolation to covid-19).
The “equitable and sustainable” financing of social protection systems, “through an effective mobilization of domestic resources”, and the strengthening of the “essential” role of the public sector in supporting the smooth functioning of economies and societies, especially in the area of health in times of pandemic, are other concerns highlighted.
Source: Jornal de Negócios by www.jornaldenegocios.pt.
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