If the mite bites, take it easy – this is how you will remove it and recognize the alarming symptoms

What to do if you notice a mite on your skin?

It is not worth panicking, because although the tick is the most dangerous animal in Finland, only one in five of them carries the Borrelia bacterium – depending on the geographical area as well. The risk of becoming infected from a single bite is therefore quite small.

The tick is removed from the skin without further complications. Detachment works best with tick tweezers available from a pharmacy, which provide a firm grip on the tick. With tweezers, it is advisable to grab the tick as close as possible to the surface of the skin from the neck of the tick and tire it, ie pull it out with a calm circular motion.

The wisdom of the old people does not apply to removal: ticks should never be removed with butter or oil, as when suffocated a mite can vomit Lyme bacteria into the skin. After removal, an antiseptic cleanser can be applied to the skin. Antibiotic regimens are not recommended due to tick bites alone. This often avoids unnecessarily eaten antibiotics.

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If the tick can be removed within 24 hours of its attachment, the risk of infection is low. About every 50th to 100th tick bite causes borreliosis.

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What diseases do ticks spread?

Ticks in Finland mainly spread only two diseases, Lyme borreliosis and tick-borne encephalitis.

In addition, very rare tick-borne diseases include rabies, ie tularemia, and ehrlichiosis and babesiosis.

Can a tick come off the skin on its own?

If a tick has devoured itself to full of blood, it will grow to peat and may drip from the skin on its own. This often takes days. To minimize the risk of Lyme disease infection, it is advisable to remove the tick from the skin as soon as it is noticed.

What to do if at the time of removal part of the tick remains inside the skin?

Sometimes a small barb is broken from the tick’s suction tip at the injection site. It can cause irritation and itching for a long time, especially if the skin is scratched and bacteria gets into it. However, there are no Lyme bacteria in the lymph node, so there is no need to fear infection. The tip is a bit like a stick in a finger that comes off itself over time. Sometimes an antibiotic cream may be needed to soothe the dermatitis.

Where does Lyme disease come from ticks?

Stocks of Borrelia bacteria are mainly small rodents, such as field moles and forest mice, from which ticks refuel blood. The tick has three stages of life. A tick hatched from an egg is said to be a larva, and after drinking the blood it turns into a young nymph and eventually into an adult female or dog. During these stages, the tick grows around a hard chitin shell.

Can the bacterium be encased or hidden in the body?

Many fear that the Borrelia bacterium could encapsulate and hide in the body, but studies have not confirmed this assumption.

What symptoms suggest Borrelia infection?

The surest and most common sign of borreliosis infection is a circular, progressively expanding rash, erythema migrans, which comes to the majority of those infected. At this point, the infection is most often noticed. The rash looks a bit like throwing a stone in a mirror pad on the surface of the lake, and the hit sets off to expand the ring into the environment.

Sometimes the rash can be more than a meter in diameter, extending from the neck to the ankles. About 20 to 30 percent do not get or notice a rash. This can happen, for example, if it is difficult to spot, such as on the back, back, or scalp. Sometimes the skin may have several rash rings. Then the bacterium has spread through the bloodstream to several sites on the skin.

If the infection is not detected during the rash phase, some will develop fatigue, warmth, or joint pain. Of the neurological symptoms, facial paralysis, or loosening of the other side of the face, is the most common. In children during the summer, more than half of facial strokes are due to Lyme disease. Rarely, Lyme disease can inflamm the spinal cord and momentarily even take away your ability to walk. However, Lyme disease is very rarely life-threatening.

How is Lyme disease treated?

When a rash breaks out, the infection is easily cured with a two-week course of antibiotics. Generally, amoxicillin or doxycycline is used. Some of the disease is not found early and they have time to develop other symptoms such as flu-like warmth, headaches, nerve pain or joint pain. At this stage of the disease, the most effective way is intravenous antibiotic treatment for 2 to 3 weeks.

Can a tick infect a pet from a human?

Butter. Nothing collects ticks as well as a cat or dog. It has sometimes been said that the best tick meter in the archipelago is a fisherman’s dog. Puutiainen grabs everything in motion and sits delicately in the terrain of a pet walking in Turkey and still in the skin to enjoy a blood meal. Therefore, it is recommended that animals not be taken to sleep in the same bedroom as humans during tick times. You should also protect your pet with mite repellents.

Can infection be prevented by using a mite repellent?

It is not worth throwing yourself on deportations alone. The most important thing is to dress appropriately when moving in tick areas, for example in the woods, to protect yourself with long legs and to pull socks over your legs. Ticks stand out better from light clothes than from dark ones.

Does the vaccine protect against Lyme disease?

No. Here, people often get their porridge and bran mixed. Many may think that when taking a vaccine, there is no need to fear the mite. Of the tick diseases, only viral and Lyme disease, which is one hundred times less common, is vaccinated against tick-borne encephalitis. The vaccine is recommended for people living in areas with a fever virus and hiking during the summer.

Expert: Miikka Peltomaa, specialist in ear, nose and throat diseases, docent, Aino Korvalääkärikeskus, Järvenpää.

This article has appeared in Good Health magazine. As a subscriber, you can read all numbers free of charge from the digilehdet.fi service.

Source: Hyvä Terveys by www.hyvaterveys.fi.

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