if an Estonian resident receives a summons from the Russian Federation, this does not automatically make him a source of danger

Vice-Chancellor of the Ministry of Internal Affairs Veiko Kommusaar: there are no agreements between the countries that oblige Estonia to “extrad” people to RussiaA photo: Siim Lõvi/ERR/Scanpix

If an Estonian resident receives a summons to mobilize into the ranks of the Russian army, this does not automatically turn him into a threat to Estonia and no measures will be taken against him.

Vice-Chancellor of the Ministry of the Interior Veiko Kommusaar told Business Vedomosti about this.

However, if the recipient of the subpoena, according to Kommusaar, “begins to act”, his case will be “carefully considered from a security point of view.” People who go to fight for Russia will not be allowed back into Estonia, the Vice Chancellor said earlier.
There are no agreements between the countries that oblige Estonia to “extrad” people to Russia, to whom summonses can be sent. Defense Minister Hanno Pevkur said the same thing in an interview with Äripäev: “The Russian state is not asking us for legal support to expel people.”

Russians can still apply for international protection in Estonia, but simply not wanting to serve in the Russian army is not sufficient grounds for obtaining asylum in another country, Kommusaar said (More details in the interview below.).

Will the residents of Estonia receive subpoenas?

According to Russian conscription law citizens of Russia permanently residing abroad are exempted from military service.

The Estonian Defense Forces either do not know about this provision of the law, or have other information. Deputy head of the Defense Forces Veico-Vello Palm said today at a press conference that the mobilization also applies to Russian citizens living in our country. But he has no information about whether they will send subpoenas, how and to whom.

In general, he considers it unlikely that the summonses will reach the local residents and that they will be responded to.

AT Embassy of the Russian Federation a request from the Far East about whether there is a plan to send subpoenas to residents of Estonia has yet to be answered.

Russian independent media report that subpoenas are delivered to Russian residents through the State Services portal. Not all Russian citizens permanently residing in Estonia are connected to this service. As a rule, it is used by those who need to perform bureaucratic procedures: for example, pay taxes or draw up documents. As of September 21, the website of the State Services in Estonia does not open.

Below we publish the answers of the Vice-Chancellor of the Ministry of the Interior Veiko Kommusaar to the questions of the Far East:

Is it known how many Russian citizens in the reserve live in Estonia? How many of them live on the basis of a visa, how many – on a temporary and long-term residence permit? If there is no such information, how many men with Russian passports between the ages of 18 and 60 live in Estonia?

There are 20,452 residence permits in Estonia for Russian male citizens aged 18-60. Whether they will all receive a summons, there is no information. It is very unlikely that all of them are the target group of Putin’s war machine.. However, if they receive a summons and decide to accept it, they will certainly lose their Estonian residence permit.

What are the possibilities for Russian conscripts to receive protection in Estonia? What should a person who is in Estonia on the basis of a residence permit or a visa, who does not want to go to war, do?

Everyone has the right to apply for international protection. If an alien applies for international protection, each application is assessed separately on the basis of specific circumstances.

If a person has a valid legal basis for residing in Estonia, it is generally not necessary to apply for international protection.

However, failure to perform or unwillingness to perform civic duty in Russia is not a sufficient basis for obtaining asylum in another country.

Will there be a change in the migration policy for Russian citizens liable for military service living in Estonia? Will they be regarded as a security threat, or vice versa, will this become an additional reason if a person wants to stay in Estonia for humanitarian reasons?

If someone receives a subpoena, it does not automatically make them a source of danger. However, if he starts to act, we will carefully consider his case from a security point of view and take action if necessary.

In your opinion, does Russia have really effective mechanisms for mobilizing Russian citizens in Estonia, and will Russia be involved in this? If Russia sends subpoenas to Estonia, will Estonia try to prevent it? Does Estonia have any agreements with Russia, according to which people can be “extradied”?

There are no such contracts. And Estonia, too, will not take a single step so that the Russian citizens living here can fulfill their potential obligation to mobilize.


Source: https://www.dv.ee/ by www.dv.ee.

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