The Labor and Welfare Committee conducted a survey of the public sector in Israel, which shows that it has 730,000 employees with a salary of NIS 190 billion a year, and that the average salary per employee in the education system is NIS 12,014 per month, while a defense employee earns NIS 18,261.
At the beginning of the discussion, the chairman of the committee, MK, said Efrat Reytan Marom: “The public sector is something that affects each and every one of us as citizens. There are different trends in the labor market in Israel, in terms of employment, sectoral integration, gender gaps, and I assume that the corona has given and will continue to give its signals in terms of employment structure, work methods and wages. That is why we want to hear today about the changes, trends and goals that the state is setting in this area. “
Kobi Bar Natan“The public sector is very significant in the labor market and also in the service to the citizen – it’s the education system, security, health, local government and statutory corporations – it’s a world and its fullness. In some things the private sector knows how to deal more,” he said. Better and faster with changes – crises or prosperity, such as wage increases if required, change in employee volumes and more, but the corona has accelerated processes that occurred naturally to adapt the public sector to finding the variable.We saw the creation of solutions “For example, on a train that converted drivers to inspectors who worked on the electricity and it went great, or border inspectors who were converted to Corona inspectors.”
According to data presented by Bar Natan, the public sector currently numbers about 730,000 workers, constituting 20-15% of all workers in the economy, while the total wage expenditure on workers in the sector in 2019 was NIS 190 billion per year.
The average salary for a worker in the education system aged 65-25 is NIS 12,014, in government ministries NIS 16,716, in the defense system NIS 18,261 and in the health system NIS 16,960. This is compared to an average wage of NIS 12,852 in the entire economy. Bar Natan noted that the data do not include reference to the scope of work and overtime. He said, “In the last decade there have been a lot of significant reforms that have raised wages in the public sector and there are also a lot of ‘autopilots’ that happen with or without Corona or agreements. One of the problems with the data presented here is that It is counted differently as two different low-wage workers and this affects the findings. ”
In addition, the percentage of dismissals in the public sector is significantly lower than in the private sector. In 2016, for example, layoffs were the reason for 46% of work stoppages in the private sector compared to only 16% in the public sector. This figure, along with the promotion of automatic wages, leads to low mobility of workers in the public sector.
The survey also shows that in the public sector there is no significant relationship between a psychometric score and the level of salary, unlike in the private sector in which a clear relationship is seen. In this context, Bar Natan noted that in recent years there has been an attempt to introduce compensation to the public sector according to quality parameters both in the reception and throughout the employee’s employment period, which will join the existing components that reward mainly formal education, seniority and more.
“We want to pay as much as possible for capabilities, for those who have added value to the public. In the private sector it happens – the payment is according to the employee’s output. In the public sector it can not change completely in a day but there are processes to promote it. The biggest gap today is “In the technological professions and it is very noticeable in all bodies. We give solutions in some cases but we can not always compete for everyone in front of a high-tech company that can offer him a lot on the day he graduates,” said Bar Natan.
The review also addressed, among other things, the gender pay gaps that, according to the graph presented, are steadily shrinking – a trend of about one percent per year. According to Bar Natan, this is a relatively rapid pace of changes of this kind, which stems, among other things, from trends of change in gender integration in various professions and also in adjustments in the labor market. However, he noted that “such adjustments depend a lot on the corporate culture of one body or another and we do not always have an impact as the payroll manager. Bar-Natan also addressed other goals set by the Ministry of Finance, such as changing the public sector vehicle holding model, in order to eliminate incentives for private car ownership and encourage the use of public transportation.
Source: Maariv.co.il – כלכלה בארץ by www.maariv.co.il.
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