IBM introduced the first 2 nanometer chip!

Hoy IBM presented the world’s first 2 nanometer (nm) chip, which opens a new frontier for semiconductors, as among other things, it will significantly improve energy efficiency and performance in computing devices, home appliances, communication devices, control systems transportation and more, where semiconductors play critical roles.

IBM - Chip de 2nm
Imagen IBM

This allows the number of transistors per chip to be increased, which in turn allows them to be made smaller, faster, more reliable, and more efficient. The 2nm design demonstrates advanced semiconductor scaling using nano-sheet technology from IBM. The 2nm chip can have up to 50 billion transistors and its size is the same as a fingernail.

This new 2nm chip was developed in just under four years after IBM announced another milestone in chips, as it was the 5 nm design.

Potential Benefits of the New 2nm Chip

As IBM explains in its statement, this new development has many potential benefits and among those we have:

  • Quadruple the battery life of smartphones.
  • Dramatically reduce the carbon footprint of data centers. Replacing servers with 2nm-based processors could potentially reduce that carbon footprint.
  • Dramatically speed up the functions of a laptop.
  • Contribute to faster object detection and reaction time in autonomous vehicles.

During the presentation, the Vice President and Director of Research at IBM, DarĂ­o Gil, said:

IBM’s innovation reflected in this new 2nm chip is essential to the entire IT and semiconductor industry. It is the product of IBM’s approach to taking on tough technology challenges and a demonstration of how advancements can result from sustained investments and a collaborative R&D ecosystem approach.

The company’s semiconductor development occurs in its research laboratory located at the Albany Nanotech Complex in Albany, New York. There, the IBM team of scientists works in conjunction with partners from the public and private sectors, expanding the limits of logical scaling and the capabilities that semiconductors can offer.

Other Important Technologies Previously Developed by IBM

This is not the first time that IBM has developed technologies that can significantly change the global electronics market and in addition to the 5nm chip that I named above, it was also responsible for the development of the following technologies:

  • The first implementation of 7nm process technologies
  • Single cell DRAM
  • Dennard’s Laws of Scale
  • Chemically amplified photoresistors
  • Copper interconnect cabling
  • Silicon over insulator technology
  • Multi-core microprocessors
  • High-k door dielectrics
  • Embedded DRAM
  • 3D chip stacking.

While this is great news, in order to have one of these chips in a consumer device, we will have to wait a long time, so for now we will have to settle for what exists today.

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