Software development, one of the few areas that has grown significantly over the past decade, continues to maintain demand for skills across a variety of roles, sectors, and frameworks. It is not easy to determine which of these skills will benefit the most, but you can refer to industry trends that can help you decide which skills to invest.
Software development skills are particularly important given that the Corona 19 pandemic crisis continues to adversely affect the global job market. According to a report released by CompTIA, as of September 2020, more than 14 million Americans applied for unemployment benefits, and in July and August, the U.S. IT sector lost 320,000 jobs.
In the UK, job search site CV-Library announced that the number of software development and software engineering jobs announced in July 2020 had all declined 33% year-on-year.
Even after the pandemic crisis, the number of software developers worldwide is expected to rebound. This means that the competition for talent is getting fiercer. According to the analysis by Evans Data Corporation, there were 23 million software developers in 2018, and 27.7 million by 2023 (before the figures adjusted according to the pandemic).
So, what is the most valuable developer skill in the market today? We looked at the data to understand the developer skills we believe will be the most promising in the next few years, and how individuals best respond to success in the current shrinking job market.
Eggs that shouldn’t fit in one basket
Developers are often judged and evaluated for their expertise in specific programming languages and frameworks. However, it should be remembered that this is a transferable skill.
Stack Overflow asked many developers how often they were learning new languages or frameworks in their 2020 Developer Survey. And 75% of respondents said they learn new skills at least once a year.
“The languages and frameworks are very similar,” said Hugh Ingram, engineering director at Applied, a tech recruiting company. The differences between programming languages are not as great as those of actual languages. Moving from PHP to Python is different from learning French from scratch.”
According to HackerRank, clearly transferable skills in the field of software development, like many other career paths, are of far more value than mere’professionalism’, and many hiring managers are increasingly’indifferent’ to language. Is showing.
Skills that are more’hot’ than other skills
Both Rust and Dart are lightweight programming languages that are rapidly gaining popularity among developers. These are the fastest growing programming languages on GitHub in 2018-2019.
Similarly, Google’s Go programming language is growing in popularity, according to Hired, a hired marketplace for tech jobs. In 2019, engineers proficient at Go received an average of 9 or more interview requests. Next are Scala and Ruby, which received an average of 8 or more interview requests.
Next is Python, where the skill’ranking’ has soared over the past 10 years. According to an analysis of millions of U.S. jobs published on Indeed.com from 2014 to 2019, Python is currently the third most in-demand skill and the most popular programming language among data scientists. .
Tiobe selected Python as the’Programming Language of the Year’ in 2020. This is because the Tiobe Index of Language Popularity rose 2.01 percentage points. Next was C++, which rose by 1.99 percentage points.
The pay is also high. According to PayScale, the average annual salary for a developer proficient in Python is $91,000. On the other hand, the average annual salary for Java developers is $74,000, which may be due to the large supply. The 2019 GitHub State of the Octovers report provides relevant information.
The growing community of data science practitioners and enthusiasts, as well as the tools and frameworks they use every day, has driven Python’s rapid growth. It includes a number of core data science packages based on Python that lower barriers in the field of data science and serve as the basis for related projects for both academia and business.
In 2019, Python became the second most popular language, surpassing Java for the first time in the number of contributors to the GitHub repository.
Changes in backend skills
Focusing on the backend, there is a clear direction of change in terms of skills. It’s nothing more than a change to containers and cloud native.
Cloud computing skills tend to match key players such as AWS, Microsoft Azure, and Google Cloud Platform. Recruitment managers tend to hire based on these specific skill sets. This is because developers can quickly adapt and participate in the work of the team.
AWS continues to be the most popular. This is because many companies have built their services on top of the AWS stack. According to Indeed, the number of jobs looking for developers who are proficient with AWS increased more than fivefold in 2014-2019. That number far exceeds the demand for Azure and GCP.
In the case of containers, Indeed survey shows that the demand for Docker skills continues to grow. Since 2014, it has increased by 4,162%, accounting for more than 5% of U.S. tech jobs in 2019.
Demand for the container orchestration tool Kubernetes and the service mesh Istio follows. Both have established themselves as’standards’ for managing containerized environments.
Kubernetes is one of the top 10 popular open source projects with the most contributors, according to GitHub’s 2019 Octobus Status Report. The fastest-growing projects based on contributors include Istio. Contribution increased by 194% during 2019.
Demand for’full stack’ developers
One of the major changes in software developers over the past few years has been the rise of so-called’full-stack’ developers. A full-stack developer is someone who can handle all the front and back-end coding required to build and run an application in an’end-to-end’ way.
According to Hackerrank’s 2020 Developer Skills Report, hiring managers at companies of all sizes are saying that full-stack developers are the highest priority. In 2020, 38% of respondents said they were the most hiring-focused job.
Data is still new genetics
With the rise of data scientists and data engineers, the popularity rankings of several languages and skills related to them steadily increase.
Over the past few years, there has been a surge in demand for streaming data tools like Kafka, modern data warehouses like Redshift and Snowflake, and popular machine learning libraries like TensorFlow.
Python, R, and Spark are all emerging skills. This indicates that organizations are currently in high demand for data science.
Skills related to machine learning and artificial intelligence should also be considered. For example, the rapid rise of targeted machine learning tools like Pytorch.
Of course, not everyone can be a data scientist. There are not many people who have acquired these skills. However, securing complementary skills will definitely help you get a job.
Formal education isn’t everything
Finally, it’s important to keep in mind that a computer science degree is not a prerequisite for getting a software developer job in 2021.
Mehul Patel, CEO of Hiard, said in the 2020 Software Engineer Status Report: “It is important that hiring managers focus on skill evaluation, not education level. Fifty percent of software engineers have degrees in computer science, while 32 percent have either taught themselves or acquired skills through coding bootcamps. You may have the same level of programming skills as a degree holder.”
In this regard, Google and Microsoft have launched programs that can be alternatives to regular college degrees. These include Google’s Career Certificates and Microsoft’s Global Skiilling initiative.
According to HackerRank’s 2020 Developer Skills Report, “Gen Z is more likely to use boot camps than previous generations. One out of six responded that they would use boot camp to learn new skills. Also, 32% of hiring managers are hiring people who have completed boot camps. 72% said they were better prepared or on par with other job seekers.”
The debate over the value of traditional computer degree programs will continue. But what is certain is that not everyone follows. Therefore, it would not be appropriate to exclude non-degree holders from the job market. email@example.com
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