The company’s representative survey involved more than 4,000 professionals from 5 Central and Eastern European countries. According to the research, the most popular fields of IT professions in all countries are backend, frontend and fullstack, the latter position is currently the most sought after among job seekers. The survey examined, among other things, how much people working in the sector earn, how willing they are to change jobs and what are the reasons behind looking for a job, working abroad, and what qualifications or positions they work in. Hungary proved to be the strongest among senior and expert level employees, and almost 56 percent of professionals have a bachelor’s degree at home, which is an outstanding result among the countries studied.
There are many experienced IT, but there may be problems with the supply in the Hungarian IT sector, the international, large-scale research of the portal shows. The company conducted a survey in Central and Eastern Europe, the Czech Republic, Poland, Ukraine, Slovakia and Hungary on the situation of IT professionals, their motivations at work and their desire to look for a job. In the Czech Republic, 44.5% of IT professionals have a primary or secondary education. The level of education is the highest in Ukraine, 51.1% of professionals have a university degree, and Hungary has the highest proportion of IT graduates (55.8%).
The most popular positions in international circles were the backend, fullstack and frontend, with roughly 20-30 per cent of respondents in each country. The fewest IT professionals in Central and Eastern Europe work in Gaming and Design. Of the countries surveyed, game development is the least popular in Hungary, but most Business Analysts and embedded professionals also work at home. There are not too many ITs under the age of 24 in Hungary; 20 percent of the average. Among the countries surveyed, the proportion of senior and expert employees is also the highest among Hungarians, while Slovaks are strong in mid-positions (36.5 percent). The majority of professionals (63.3 per cent) worked in home offices during the pandemic, which was considered comfortable (nearly 79 per cent).
Analyzing the salaries of IT professionals in Central and Eastern Europe, Czechs have the best salaries, with one third of their respondents earning more than HUF 1.2 million net per month. Slovakia and Hungary are clearly in the middle of the payroll – in both countries, more than 66 percent of those working in the sector work for a net amount of HUF 315 to 630 thousand. In the pay competition, Ukrainians are the main drivers – in their case, only a third of the respondents earn the same amount as Hungarians and Slovaks. In this country, there is a noticeable stratification in earnings: 40.5 percent of Ukrainian IT professionals earn less than HUF 315,000 net. Interestingly, however, the proportion of people with a net income of over HUF 1.2 million in Ukraine is similar to Poland and much higher than in Slovakia or Hungary.
Research by No Fluff Jobs also looked at what form of employment respondents work in. For the whole region, it can be said that the declared employment relationship is the most common (or its equivalent in the given country). The share of employment contracts is the highest in Hungary, with 83.5 percent of IT staff working in this form, and more than three-quarters of IT workers in Slovakia. In Ukraine alone, this is not the first type of contract, although almost a third of respondents work under such a contract. By far the majority of IT professionals in Ukraine, more than 55 percent, work as entrepreneurs. This form of employment is also particularly popular in Poland, for more experienced professionals.
Poles and Ukrainians are much more willing to change jobs than their counterparts from other markets surveyed. 41 percent of Polish IT professionals and 40 percent of Ukrainians are actively looking for work or frequently looking at job portals. However, in order to get candidates, employers have to offer much more to the Hungarian (more than 73 per cent do not plan to change jobs), Czech (72 per cent) and Slovak (71 per cent) representatives of the technology sector, who would be reluctant to change jobs.
The most compelling reasons for looking for a job in each of the countries surveyed are too low a salary, the opportunity for personal development and the search for new professional experience. Hungarian and Slovak IT professionals would change jobs the least due to a bad relationship with their boss, but in the case of Hungarian IT professionals and Ukrainians, a third of respondents would look for a new job due to the political situation in their country, and a bad work atmosphere significantly higher than in other countries).
“Our general experience is that although there is a great need for qualified IT professionals in the market, the pandemic makes it much harder than ever to find a suitable workforce in the Central and Eastern European region. In the Hungarian market, the range of possibilities is so scarce that the employer dictates, the contractual relationship is the most popular, B2B employment is rarer for the time being, which gives less flexibility to IT professionals. In Hungary, professionals prefer companies to look for them, they do not proactively look for a job, ”said Ádám Bozsoki, country manager of No Fluff Jobs. The expert said that 80 percent of Hungarian IT workers and employers can be connected to Budapest, but for companies, teleworking can be a solution to employ a qualified, affordable IT professional from any region of the country.
Among the international sample countries, roughly uniformly, nearly 20-30 percent of respondents believe that working abroad does not pose a particular difficulty. However, nearly 40 percent of Ukrainian IT professionals found it “difficult” or “rather difficult,” the highest rate among the countries surveyed. IT experts in all countries agreed that the primary barrier to working abroad is obtaining permits, and for Hungarians and Slovaks, family-friendly relations are also a deterrent to travel.
According to their own statements, finances are the biggest problem for Hungarians and Ukrainians, with nearly 40 percent of respondents feeling that they do not have enough savings to travel. Hungarian language skills are the least worrying for Hungarians about traveling, and only 15 percent of Hungarian professionals are worried about it. And one of the biggest difficulties for Polish IT professionals (nearly 43 percent) is the various legal restrictions on working abroad.
In terms of the dream country-dream job, the Czech Republic was far from triumphant: 96 per cent of Czechs indicated that they wanted to work most in their own country. This result is far higher than in any other country (PL – 45 percent, SK – 57 percent, HU – 43 percent, UA – 30 percent). The Czech Republic is an attractive destination for all respondents: it is a desired destination for more than a third of Slovaks and 30 percent of Ukrainians. Hungary is considered an ideal place to work by 5 percent of professionals in the surrounding countries, and 43.23 percent of Hungarians consider their homeland to be the most ideal place to work. Other attractive destinations for domestic IT professionals are the Czech Republic (11.72 per cent) and Poland (9.29 per cent).
Source: SG.hu Hírmagazin – IT/Tech by sg.hu.
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