This year also showed that, due to the long dry periods during the summer, irrigation is more and more necessary. However, statistical data show that in 2018, only 3,311 hectares were irrigated in the Kolubara district, which is 2.51% of the total used agricultural land. Here’s how it affected fruit production.
Mild winter, spring frosts, rain when the weather is not right, and then a long drought, are significant this year reduced yields. So did the fruit growers, though because of all that they had record prices of raspberries, blackberries and plums, they need to think about how to deal with climate change in our area.
“Already now, given the profits made this season, producers of raspberries, blackberries and plums must start thinking and investing in systems that will protect gender. ‘, says Nikola Spasojević, master engineer of fruit growing and viticulture.
In January, when it was supposed to be the coldest, we had small number of days with low temperatures. The plants did not go through the so-called “chili” period, due to which the flower buds formed incorrectly.
“The consequence was the falling of a large number of flowers with apples, pears, plums and cherries “, explains Spasojević the consequences of the unusual weather conditions this year.
Frosts after winter and heavy rains further damaged the fruits
When the winter period ended in the calendar, late frosts followed, which, as he states, caused damage to all crops, especially in orchards at low altitudes or along rivers. It is estimated that it is apricots suffered the most which is frozen from 60 to as much as 90 percent, and in the flowering phase, it was also lost 50 percent plums and cherries.
“We had it in the spring longer dry period especially in western Serbia, with a smaller amount of precipitation compared to the average of that season, which did not correspond to berry fruits. The result was vegetation delay, smaller fruiting branches and smaller fruit growth. ”- explains Spasojević.
He adds that in the second half of May, we had a larger amount of rain, which is most negatively affected the cherry. Due to the large amount of water and cracking of the epidermis, this culture experienced a catastrophe both in terms of price and quality of the genus. The losses of the producers were enormous. He pointed out that it was strawberry also suffered damage, because in the phase of full harvest there was a high humidity, which led to the appearance of rot.
Irrigation in Serbia must be at a higher level
“According to the latest statistical data, irrigation is taking place in our country only 2.51 percent of the total agricultural area. So it is no wonder that the drought has made significant losses. Gender raspberries was less than 30 to 50 percent because of the heat, there was a decrease in fruit on the branch. A full, which has a stronger root system and more resistant fruits, recorded a loss of yield of 20 to 30 percent, “our interlocutor reminds.
Spasojevic also says that he is a relative plums remained halved due to damage throughout the year, which led to a decrease in fruit size.
Source: Agromedia by www.agromedia.rs.
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