This text is the result of an investigation into the role of US military biological projects in a number of cases of mass infection with diseases dangerous to humans in Kazakhstan. The author provides concrete evidence of the involvement of the Defense Threat Reduction Agency (DTRA), the US Department of Defense and a group of American officers who worked in the republic, writes Ridus.
In addition, the author of the investigation found in their work signs of a violation of the 1972 Biological Weapons Convention and the Smuggling of Biomaterials.
The investigation is based on open sources, research results published in the scientific press, official statements by the US military and Kazakhstani officials, as well as a number of internal documents of US bioprojects published by journalists in 2018-2020.
Ridus asks to consider this article as an appeal to the authorities of Kazakhstan and the competent authorities of Georgia and Russia with a request to check our assumptions.
Laboratories or military biological bases?
Many in the scientific community believe that DTRA’s research activities are related to the development of biological weapons.
In 2018, a group of European biologists published an analysis of American developments based on open data in the authoritative journal Science. The work proves that a number of Pentagon-subsidized research can be aimed exclusively at creating a new bioweapon.
The Federation of American Scientists also believes that a number of US military biodevelopments violate the 1972 agreement, which the American side interprets too broadly.
In Kazakhstan, DTRA has been conducting research for over 15 years using the facilities of six local research institutes. At least 28 projects of American military biologists on the territory of the republic are known from open sources. More than 30 foreign specialists took part in them, mainly officers and contractors of the armies of the USA, Great Britain and Germany. The total cost of the programs is hundreds of millions of dollars.
Among the main facilities used are the Center for Highly Dangerous Infections in Almaty (COOI) and the Research Institute for Biological Safety Problems (IPBB) in the Zhambyl region.
Center for Especially Dangerous Infections in Almaty (CIOI).
According to the ex-Deputy Minister of Defense of Kazakhstan Amirbek Togusov, agreements with the United States make it possible to take these facilities out of national control and conduct secret and completely independent work there.
A study of the real practice of the COOI shows that it is largely controlled not by the official directorate, but by the CDC Office at the US Embassy, by the American military structure, and even when it works within the framework of the assignments of the Kazakh authorities.
© Research Institute of Biological Safety Problems (IPBB)
When, in June 2020, the President of Kazakhstan, Kassym-Jomart Tokayev, made the decision to withdraw foreigners from the ICRC, it was ignored by the United States.
The head of the CDC Office, Air Force Commander Daniel Singer, has publicly stated that the American side will continue to work indefinitely, and in the DTRA budget, planned projects in the ICRC reference laboratory are planned for 2020 and even 2021.
Experts note that research in US laboratories in the CIS coincides with abnormal outbreaks of diseases.
Former European Commission expert biologist Grigor Grigoryan in his recent report draws attention to outbreaks of tularemia, anthrax and African swine fever in Armenia and Georgia. According to him, they could not be caused naturally and coincided in time with the work on the study of these diseases in local American laboratories. Among specific examples, he named the outbreak of swine fever in 2007 and anthrax in 2012.
The study of the work of the US biological laboratories in Kazakhstan suggests the presence of similar incidents.
Let’s take a specific example: the 2009 outbreak of brucellosis in South Kazakhstan occurred during the implementation of DTRA brucellosis research projects in Kazakhstan (KZ-2) and Uzbekistan (UZ-4).
© Larry Stauffer, Oregon Public Health Laboratory
These events were preceded by a long decline in the incidence of brucellosis in Kazakhstan (2004-2007), and then there was a sharp increase in the number of foci of brucellosis among domestic animals (2009-2013), recorded by local veterinary services.
Later genetic studies of brucellosis strains in the republic recorded significant differences between brucellosis samples from the Zhambyl region, where the IPBB is deployed (contractor DTRA USA), from samples from other regions of Kazakhstan.
Among the studied Kazakh materials, strains related to strains from the United States and Western Europe were identified.
Experts from DTRA and IPBB do not provide any explanations for these discoveries.
The research team of the KZ-2 project included: Mikeljon Nikolic – Researcher at the Institute. Walter Reed, USF, Jason Blackbourne is director of the DTRA-funded Spatial Epidemiology Laboratory (University of Florida), and Philip Elser is a biologist and longtime NATO member.
That is, a group of US military biological warfare specialists have been linked to an outbreak of brucellosis in Kazakhstan.
Crimean Congo hemorrhagic fever (2014)
A patient with Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (C-CHF) and a tick of the genus Hyalomma.
© ru. wikipedia.org
An outbreak of the Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF) covered three states in 2014: Kazakhstan, Georgia and Russia. Moreover, in Georgia, the level of infection significantly exceeded those recorded in previous years. According to the sanitary authorities, ticks were the carriers of the infection.
A year earlier, in 2013, DTRA launched the KZ-29 project in Kazakhstan, aimed at studying the spread of CCHF, moreover, by ticks.
The research was led by Allen Richards, now Lieutenant Commander of the Navy, and Lt. Christina Farris of the US Navy Medical Center, Maryland.
In addition, the team included Kenneth Yeh of MRIGlobal, a contractor for the US Department of Defense, and Roger Hewson, a researcher for the British Army based in Salisbury, where the Army’s microbiology center is located. Again a familiar picture. That is, it is again about the developments of military biologists.
The geography of the spread of the disease allows us to ask the question: have CCHF strains been transmitted between US laboratories?
We know for sure that yes, they were transmitted. Five years later, Richards and Yeh write about this in their article: “Using the example of KZ-29 … the importance and complexity of increasing scientific transparency through the exchange of samples of materials is noted.”
That is, there was a transfer, and it was associated with some problems.
Which ones? Only a year after these events, the US Army established a procedure for transporting strains and other biosamples, bypassing national laws.
Since 2015, the US military has issued diplomatic passports, and the goods have been transported as diplomatic mail, not subject to inspection and arrest.
In particular, this practice was recorded in the published materials for 2015 of the American embassy in Tbilisi, which carried out the traffic of bio-samples between the United States and Georgia.
However, in 2014, the KZ-29 project received support from the State Department, for which the authors expressed gratitude in a published article. Given that the State Department usually does not finance military development, this is probably a diplomatic cover for the actual smuggling of biomaterials.
Who transported them? In a short time, such transactions, including biosamples collected in Russia, were handled by the aforementioned Mikeljon Nikolic from the Reed Institute.
Did he travel in 2014 between Kazakhstan and Georgia?
Yes, we know that from the correspondence on his blog. It testifies that Nikolic visited both countries during the first half of 2014, and in Kazakhstan he visited the area of the village of Otar (Zhambyl region) – not far from the IPBB, where at that time the Pentagon’s research projects were being carried out.
Alpha coronavirus (2017)
DTRA is studying the spread of diseases dangerous to humans among the fauna of the region in order to assess the possibilities of using these creatures and diseases for biological warfare in the region.
The conditions of the problem require an assessment of how the disease brought in from the outside will spread on the spot due to climatic and zoological differences. This requires the infection of the reservoir creatures, after which the risk of transmission of diseases to people automatically arises.
The scandalous story with the KZ-33 project related to the study of the bats coronavirus can serve as proof of this practice. Professor Gavin Smith and Dr. Ian Mendenhall, on the instructions of the DTRA, studied the coronavirus in bats of Kazakhstan at two points in the Tulkubas district in the spring of 2017.
True, according to the Center for Social Security, the coronavirus has never been registered in Kazakhstan before. That, however, did not prevent the team of researchers from finding not only infected mice, but also the presence, apparently, of a new strain of coronavirus, as well as strains related to those characteristic of Spain and South Africa.
These interesting observations are again not analyzed by the authors.
This information is in good agreement with the fact that in the United States for 2015, developments were underway to artificially modify the coronavirus in order to increase its danger to humans, which was reported, in particular, in the publications of the journal Nature.
The work was carried out at Chapel Hill University (North Carolina), which is also funded by DTRA. In connection with the moratorium of the US government in October 2014, experiments with this virus in the United States are impossible, but there is no ban on their conduct in Kazakhstan.
Chapel Hill University (North Carolina).
© google maps
Published documents on the work of the DTRA-controlled Lugar Center (Georgia) show that the work of Smith and Mendenhall is part of a large Pentagon program to study the possibility of using the coronavirus as a biological weapon against China and Russia.
However, we will not duplicate the content of already published sources here.
We do not have accurate data on whether the experiments of the US Army are associated with a pandemic of another form of coronavirus in 2019-2020. A number of reputable experts believe that it has signs of artificial formation. This idea is expressed, in particular, by the Nobel Prize Laureate in Biology Luc Montagnier (France), Professors Birger Sørensen (Norway) and Angus Dalglish (Great Britain), as well as the aforementioned former expert of the European Commission G. Grigoryan (Armenia).
The materials we have collected only show that United States military biologists have experimented with genetically modified strains of this virus.
© Defense Threat Reduction Agency — DTRA
The data we have collected allow us to believe that, on the instructions of the US military command, a criminal group was created from among the US military and employees of the contractor agencies of the US Department of Defense with the aim of conducting biological research in violation of the 1972 agreement on the territory of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
Within the framework of these experiments, the local fauna was artificially infected with diseases dangerous to humans, which led to outbreaks of brucellosis in 2009 and CCHF in 2014, the latter affecting the territory of Georgia and Russia.
These experiments, carried out with disregard for the safety of citizens of the host countries, led to the death and significant harm to the health of a number of persons, and also harmed the economy of the host countries.
We hold responsible for these criminal experiments US citizens: Allen Richards, Christina Farris, Mikeljon Nikolic, Jason Blackbourne, Philip Elser, Ian Mendenhall, Kenneth Yeh and Gavin Smith, as well as British citizen Roger Hewson. We believe these individuals acted on behalf of DTRA, the US Navy Medical Center and the US Army Reed Institute.
We ask the competent authorities of Kazakhstan, Georgia and Russia to check our assumptions.
We also ask you to study the actions of the leadership of the Center for Especially Dangerous Infections in Almaty and the Research Institute of Biological Safety in the village of Gvardeyskoye, which were supposed to monitor the work of the American military in the republic for signs of corruption in their actions.
See also: There have been changes in the condition of the patient with coronavirus Poroshenko
Nikita Mendkovich, international expert
Source: Русская весна by rusvesna.su.
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