Surely you already know the use of moss as a landmark in nature, since it always grows on trees facing north. However, that is not her only trait. Get to know moss in a way you haven’t before.
Moss is a small, hardy, usually single-celled plant that grows very slowly. It uses light in the process of photosynthesis to produce nutrients, just like any other plant. Moss has no root, a bud or seed, just leaves, a tree and a thin tough fiber called rhizoids, which it uses to attach to stones or trees.
This plant reproduces by producing spores like ferns, which are then dispersed by the wind. It is necessary for moss to be near water or in a humid environment to be able to absorb nutrients directly into its cells.
It can be found everywhere, from the tropics to the polar regions, everywhere except in salt water.
There are more than 12,000 species of moss and their lifespan varies from two to ten years, depending on the species. Given that moss grows exclusively in a clean environment, represents excellent an indicator of possible environmental pollution.
The benefits of moss as plants are numerous.
It’s a a plant that will be the first to grow on rocky soil and to create an environment for other, less hardy plants to grow on the same land. Moss has a tendency to absorbs moisture, that is, to act as a kind of natural sponge and yes helps prevent soil erosion.
Because it is moss grew on Earth 540 million years ago, long before even the first animals appeared on it, human civilization has been using it for a relatively short period of time.
However, throughout history, people have found numerous applications of moss. So is moss used as firewood which heated homes, and during the period of famine it was even used as flour. During World War II, peat moss was used as a bandage for dressing bleeding wounds, and also as an antibiotic.
Moss is today integral part of terrarium, topiary and ornamental gardens in landscape architecture.
On the other side, peat moss is widely used as a means of growing plants in nursery production.
Also, it turned out to be like an excellent mulcher for plants in gardens, and since it absorbs water well, it prevents leaching of soil and nutrients. Any rot and debris can be easily removed from the moss by simply blowing it off, thanks to its compact structure.
Also, moss is useful remedy and in mosquito protection since it is not stagnant, but constant purifies water in its immediate environment.
Source: Agromedia by www.agromedia.rs.
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