Sooner or later, everyone has to unclogging the clogged sink. Among hair, soap and detergent residues, dust and small objects accidentally fallen into the drain, there are many reasons that can prevent the water from flowing. But often the methods for unblocking the pipes are aggressive, sometimes based on dangerous chemicals if in contact with the skin or inhaled.
So, how to unclog the sink in a natural way, thus proceeding in complete safety? Clogged sinks and drains are a very common occurrence, a problem everyone has to deal with. Yet you do not always have the experience and sufficient manual skills to manage this problem independently and, consequently, you risk damaging sanitary ware and pipes. For this reason, in case of doubts it is always better to rely on the experience of a good plumber.
Why the sink is clogged: causes
As already mentioned, that of the clogged sink is a frequent problem. It is not so much a question of poor management of discharges, but of a more than physiological consequence of the daily use of these essential sanitary ware.
By force of circumstances, the pipes they are filled with the most varied debris which, over time, accumulate to form a real plug inside the drain. But what are the most frequent causes of this phenomenon? Much depends on the typical use of the sink.
For the bathroomFor example, most debris in the drain is due to:
- Residues of skin and nails;
- Accumulations of soap;
- Shampoos, creams and other cleansers;
- Foreign objects.
Similar situation for the kitchen, where the most frequent hitch is due to:
- Food residues;
- Coffee powder;
- Earth and dust from washing food;
- Residues of detergents and detergents;
- Fragments of cleaning sponges and cloths;
- Foreign objects.
The role of the siphon
Most of the sinks for domestic use today are equipped with a special one siphon. It is a hydraulic element, usually placed under the sink, which has the function of collecting foreign elements and preventing them from reaching the deeper areas of the pipes, those that are normally walled up.
Yet, because despite the presence of the siphon, the drains are clogged? As a rule, the siphon has the function of preventing the rising of bad smells, given its particular curved shape. And, again, to pick up objects that can accidentally fall inside, such as tweezers, rings and jewels. Obviously, if the blockage is due to the accumulation of debris – such as the mix of soaps and hair – the drain will still be clogged. The same if this wall of debris solidifies after the same siphon.
How to prevent clogging of the sink
Before moving on to techniques and natural remedies useful to avoid blocking a sink, it is interesting to sift through a few common sense actions which can reduce the chances of this happening. These are small daily behaviors that are often overlooked but which, nevertheless, are essential to guarantee always efficient and healthy drains.
- Use caps: when washing, brushing your hair or adjusting your beard, it is useful to use the drain plug, so that any foreign objects can be collected before they fall into the pipes;
- Collect hair and beard: that of letting hair and beard accumulated in the sink run along the drain is a very bad habit, as well as the first cause of clogging. Better to collect them, perhaps with the help of moistened household paper or antistatic cloths, but also use protective tarps. There are several sheets on the market which, applied to the sink before adjusting the beard and hair, collect any unwanted residue;
- Choose liquid soaps: whenever possible, liquid soaps are preferred, because they flow more quickly in the pipes. When using a solid soap, it is better to use the cap and drain the water only at the end of the operation: the flakes that can fall into the pipes take a long time to dissolve;
- Prevent accidental falls: before washing or managing daily needs related to house cleaning, it is good to remove rings, jewelry or any other small worn object;
- Avoid waste: unless the sink is fitted with a garbage disposal, which is very rare outside the United States, where this appliance is widespread, avoid using the sink to throw away household waste. Coffee grounds, dust collected from the floor, vegetable residues, cooking and seasoning oils and much more.
Mechanical methods for unclogging the sink
Having said that, many will wonder how to unclog the clogged sink. First, there are a few mechanical remedies which, by exerting a certain pressure on the conductor, can favor the detachment of debris.
It drain cleaner it is a convenient and effective tool for clearing clogged sinks, especially when the block is due to the accidental fall of objects. It is a small flexible tube, a sort of coil, which has vice hooks on one end and special handles on the other.
By inserting the drain cleaner into the drain, and slowly lowering it along the pipe, you will feel the blockage. By acting on the handle, the vice hook it will widen: by releasing the handle itself, you can trap the foreign object and extract it from the sink. The more expensive and modern models are also equipped with a thin optical fiber, which allows you to illuminate the tube and collect its image, to be shown on a small screen or even on a smartphone.
Rubber and pump cleaners
Alternatively, it is possible to use the classic rubber or pump plungers. The former include a sort of rubber or silicone cup which, positioned on the drain, exerts negative pressure on the pipe, leveraging with the arms. This could lead to the detachment of debris blocking the pipes.
The pump cleaners they are the evolution of the municipalities plunger and, as the name suggests, they incorporate a pump to push air inside the pipes, thus favoring the detachment of debris from the walls of the pipes themselves.
Natural remedies to unclog the sink
In addition to the mechanical action, some natural remedies can be used to try to dissolve the accumulation of debris, even if their action is often gentle and therefore more effective for mild blocks.
Baking soda and vinegar
As many know, the bicarbonate and thevinegar they react when united, creating an effervescent effect and the production of a conspicuous foam. It is precisely for this reason that these remedies are frequently used for household cleaning, as they facilitate the removal of dirt.
For a clogged sink, you can pour a few tablespoons of baking soda powder into the drain and, immediately after, slowly pour in white wine vinegar brought to high temperatures.
Care must be taken as theeffervescent effect and the foam generated tend to create jets towards the outside of the drain. As a result, if the solution is too hot, you risk being accidentally burned.
Coarse salt and bicarbonate
If the vinegar-based solution is not appreciated, due to the sour smell that arises, a similar effect can be obtained by combining bicarbonate and coarse salt. A mixture of a couple of tablespoons of baking soda and one of coarse salt can be poured directly into the drain, then pour very hot water into the pipe.
Alternatively, it is possible to combine the two elements beforehand in a bowl, until a soft but flowing compound is obtained, to be poured into the drain.
Me too’citric acid it is a perfect ally for household chores, so much so that it is also used as an effective detergent for washing machines instead of powders and solvents of chemical origin. The action is similar to that of baking soda and vinegar: in contact with water, it has a slightly effervescent effect that can help descale the walls of the pipes.
Just dissolve two or three tablespoons in hot water and pour slowly into the sink, always paying attention. The first results may come after a couple of attempts.
Do you really need caustic soda?
To unclog blocked sinks, many resort to sodium hydroxide. It is an extremely effective compound for this purpose, but at the same time very dangerous and abrasive. In contact with the skin, it can cause injuries and even very serious burns, so much so that medical assistance is required.
Given these risks, it would always be better to have the caustic soda handled by expert personnel, avoiding DIY, especially if you do not have sufficient experience. In any case, it is necessary to use how many thick protective and goggles or visors to protect the face.
Source: GreenStyle by www.greenstyle.it.
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