How to sow peas?

Gérard BOURGES advises us on how to sow peas in the vegetable garden, the preparation of the land and the planting while waiting for the harvest…

Soil preparation

To begin with, loosen the soil. In the present case, the soil was lightly worked on the surface, two weeks before, following the potato harvest.

Ensuite, crumble and level the ground on the surface using a hook.

Attention : if you work the soil in the fall, you don’t crumble it too finely, otherwise the winter rains will compact it.

Finally, trace the sowing furrows, respecting a spacing between the rows of approximately 65 to 70 cm. When you have a lot of furrows to dig, you can use a furrower (tool resembling a rake with three or 5 teeth depending on the model).

The sowing of peas

The seeds are laid in the bridge respecting a spacing of about 4 cm. We often tend to sow thicker: that is of no interest. The plant does not have enough living space to develop properly.

All that’s left is to cover the seeds with a rakeknowing that a seed must be covered by 2 to 3 times its thickness of soil.

Tip: If sowing is done in the fall, do not compact the soil too much.

Installation of oars

Whatever the variety of pea, dwarf or rowing, it is advised to lay oars (branches, mesh or other) to support the stems.

It is important to push them deep enough into the ground so that they can support production. Plant them either to the right or to the left of the furrow depending on the prevailing wind so that the peas are pressed against the branches to which their tendrils will naturally cling.

The “branch” oars are placed every 15 to 20 cm.

Trick : Laying the oars has another advantage: that of protecting the peas from the appetite of the birds. To complete the parade, other branches are placed on the ground, which will be removed when the peas reach about fifteen centimeters in height.

The first peas, those sown in autumn, are harvested in April.

Varieties of peas

There are three main families of peas:

  • mangetouts (greedy) with flat pods,
  • shelled peas with round seedswhich are sown rather in the fall (because they are earlier and whose fleur is more resistant to cold)
  • et shelled peas with wrinkled grains best sown in early spring.

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Source: Au Jardin, conseils en jardinage by

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