Roses include whole semi-evergreen shrubs that grow naturally in forest vegetations in our country, and today are grown as grafted forms. These are species that give flowers of extremely large dimensions in relation to the plant, and are rightly called the queen of gardens.
Roses can have several basic forms: low, mini (up to 30 cm) and polyanthus (can grow up to 60 cm). Cultivated roses are highly valued for their flowers and can be used as a decorative flower in the garden or cut flowers for arrangements, and they are mostly tea trees.
Roses may have one or more flowers on one stem and are therefore divided into polyanthus and tea-hybrid roses. The range of colors they can have is almost inconceivable, except for one color – blue.
Roses can also be grown for vertical landscaping and then we are talking about creepers that can grow 5-10 m in length and are used for landscaping fences, gardens, walls.
By properly arranging these plants and fitting them into the garden, they are obtained unsurpassed effects.
The rose has regular and abundant flowering, so within each month the pruning measure is carried out, in order to remove overblown branches, which encourages the plant to give new shoots and form new flowers. That’s how you get a blooming rose throughout the season. Pruning during the season causes the plant to lose part of its weight and of course this must be compensated by feeding.
It is desirable to use specialized fertilizers for rosesbut it is also necessary to use and foliar savings, which will help the plant get all the necessary nutrients. It should be noted that roses are large consumers of potassium, but also calcium, and for these purposes can be used as supplementation NPK 10:10:40 and NPK 20:20:20, ME from April to September. It should also be added regularly nitrogen, which gives lushness of the green mass. Of the specific elements, micronutrients should be added occasionally, and of course iron, and Wuksal Fe is recommended.
Protection is very important in roses. Insects, like aphids, bugs, beetles and caterpillars, they love roses and always have them on young leaves, but also on buds and flowers, so they must be regularly treated with selected insecticides. Mites are less of a problem, but this pest should not be overlooked either.
From plant diseases, soot scab, rust, powdery mildew and powdery mildew are always present, so you should always be ready and regularly protect roses.
For fungicide recommendation are Kuprozin, Falcon or Anthracol, Accord with application from April to November, and as insecticides can be used preparations Fastak, Phobos or Consul and Tonus from April to September.
Source: AGROmedia by www.agromedia.rs.
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