How is pineapple planted? It has always been one of the most popular fruits, especially in the summer. Tasty and refreshing, it provides incredible properties for the body. It is in fact an astringent, purifying and antibacterial food, thanks to its bromelain content.
Not everyone knows, however, that pineapple can be grown at home easily, by recovering the tuft of an already consumed specimen. Let’s see how pineapple is planted to grow it indoors.
What is that
Pineapple (Ananas comosus) is a type of bromeliad, a family of flowering plants that includes Spanish moss and desert succulents. Pineapples are grown commercially in places with tropical climates, such as South and Central America and Hawaii. But it is possible to grow a new pineapple plant at home from ripe tropical fruit purchased from grocery stores.
How to plant pineapple
Pineapple can also be grown starting from the tuft of an already consumed specimen. However, it should be emphasized that, given the peculiarity of the atmospheric conditions of growth, this process does not always lead to the regrowth of a second fruit. In any case, a pineapple seedling can also be chosen for mere ornamental purposes, given its long and resistant leaves.
Let’s see some steps to learn how to plant pineapple:
- The first step in growing pineapple is to recover a clump. Those specimens that still retain a minimal portion of the pulp are more suitable, to stimulate faster root growth. Choose a ripe pineapple mostly yellow on the outside, with some brown on the crown where the leaves are located. A green pineapple is not ripe enough, while a dark golden yellow or orange may be overripe. Choose a pineapple with as yellow skin as possible.
- By filling a jar with water, the tuft is placed on the edge of the surface, also with the help of toothpicks so that it remains in suspension. The tuft will have to remain in this position for a few days, until it has developed roots of a few centimeters.
- Once the roots have appeared, you can transfer the pineapple to a vase. First of all, it is necessary to prepare a base of gravel, shards or balls of expanded clay, so that there is always a good drainage of the water.
- The container is then filled with soft and draining soil, preferably well fertilized with both organic fertilizers and compost. The tuft is then laid down, covering the roots well with soft soil.
- Put the plant in indirect light for the first few weeks and water the plant when the soil is dry. Eventually, you will see new leaves growing in the center of the plant.
- Move your plant in full sun. Once the plant is fully rooted and shows good health with new green leaves growing, you can move it to a location to receive full sun. Keep the soil moist, but avoid overwatering.
Pineapple plant in pot: care
Once transplanted, the pineapple seedling obtained from the tuft needs constant care. As previously explained, the regrowth of the fruit is not always guaranteed. First of all, a lot of patience is required for the transplanted tuft to generate new fruit. It is necessary to wait over a year and a half from the date of the initial transplant.
Domestic crops also tend to generate specimens that are much smaller than purchased ones. In case you are not successful in obtaining new pineapples, the plant can be exhibited as an ornamental variety.
In detail, let’s see how to care for the plant of pineapple in glass:
Where to place pineapple plant?
You will have to worry about positioning the pot so that it can take advantage of direct sun exposure. Still, you need to make sure that temperatures never drop below 18 degrees. A simple condition to fulfill at home in any season of the year, more complex on the other hand outdoors, especially in the presence of high temperature changes between night and day.
How much to water pineapple?
First of all, it must be watered regularly, so that there is always good humidity. To adjust, it is useful to feel the soil, it must always appear slightly damp, never dry or impregnated with too much water.
However, remember, pineapple plants are able to absorb water through their leaves. So wait until the soil is dry before watering, then water the leaves and soil.
How to plant pineapple: fertilization
The soil must be fertilized regularly, preferring compost or organic fertilizer. The plant will be fertilized four times a year, while during the growth of the fruit the fertilization must be repeated even one or more times a month. Choose a fruit tree fertilizer, rich in nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, magnesium and copper.
Flowers and foliage
Pineapple plants are a type of bromeliad, and pineapples themselves are the fruit of the plant. Bromeliads are special because each plant always gives only one fruit. Then, once the pineapple plant has matured, hold onto the mother plant and watch it produce seedlings around the base.
With the right care and conditions, each of the new seedlings will produce a new pineapple, and those plants in turn will produce new plants.
Pineapple plant problems in pots
Some problems may occur while growing the potted pineapple plant, the following are the most common:
- If your pineapple plant is dying after fruiting, as we have already explained this is normal. However, beware of new seedlings at the base.
- How long does pineapple take to make fruit? Be patient, a pineapple plant blooms when it is about two years old and will produce fruit about six months later.
- Pineapple plant dry tips? The yellow leaves and the blackening at the base are due to excess water. This problem can kill plants, but they can be attempted to save. Remove the plant from its container, removing the affected roots, place it in fresh potting soil. From then on, do not overdo it with water, the soil should be moist but not soaked.
- Mealybugs and other pests: You may notice mealybugs on the leaves. Clean them with a cotton swab dipped in organic insecticide based on vegetable oils or fatty acids. Mushroom flies, scaridae flies, may also orbit around the base of the plant. They are attracted to moist soil, so let it dry out between waterings.
How to plant pineapple: curiosity
- The pineapple craze began in the UK in the 1700s, after the edible fruit was introduced to Europe from South America by the Spanish conquistadors. They were grown on the grounds of large houses and exhibited at the tables of the rich. They were a true status symbol, as growing a tropical fruit in the cool UK climate required the skill of a gardener and the expense of heating a special pineapple greenhouse.
- A pineapple plant near the bed is thought to reduce snoring as, unusually for most indoor shrubs, it produces oxygen at night. There is no scientific evidence for this, however, it is certain that, like many houseplants, pineapple is a good air purifier.
Source: GreenStyle by www.greenstyle.it.
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